PIXHAWK is both a student team and research project at the Computer Vision and Geometry Lab at ETH Zurich [ http://www.cvg.ethz.ch/ ], as well as a mature high-performance robotics toolkit. It has been built from scratch to optimally support computer vision on micro air vehicles. Our project is now developing since several semesters a computer vision focused robotics framework for micro air vehicles.
Project Goals and History
It all started off as small one-person ETH excellence scholarship project [ http://www.rektorat.ethz.ch/students/finance/scholarship/excellence/index_EN ] of Lorenz Meier. He established however during the first six months a full-scale student team project [ http://pixhawk.ethz.ch/wiki/team/start ] with 8-14 students per semester. The PIXHAWK team was officially assembled January 2009. The project is sponsored by the Computer Vision and Geometry Lab [ http://www.cvg.ethz.ch/ ], and students are advised by Dr. Friedrich Fraundorfer and Prof. Marc Pollefeys. Additional travel expenses support is contributed by the Rektorat [ http://www.rektorat.ethz.ch/ ] of the swiss ETH Zurich [ http://www.ethz.ch/ ].The prototypes and platform are developed to test computer vision approaches on micro air vehicles (MAV [ http://pixhawk.ethz.ch/wiki/micro_air_vehicle/ ]), which are miniature unmanned air systems (UAS). To add some motivation, our student team participates each year in the IMAV competition. We are not only using a number of open-source projects for our work, but also releasing our hard- and software under an open source license.
The focus of this project is to use computer vision on micro air vehicles (MAVs) in order to enable autonomous action. Our goal is to do all image processing onboard, leading to full autonomy. The computer vision draws from base technology such as the mechanical platform or the attitude estimation of the IMU. At the same time, it provides data to more complex tasks such as obstacle avoidance or simultaneous localization and mapping (SLAM [ http://en.wikipedia.org/Simultaneous_localization_and_mapping ] ). To reach this goal, several computer vision problems have to be tackled:
The PIXHAWK Robotics Toolkit
Our aerial robotics toolkit offers many computer-vision specific features, but covers also all the software, interfaces and structures to e.g. fly a fixed-wing aircraft with GPS. The optimizations for computer vision include:
Our system consists of three main building blocks: The AI/Vision codebase for computer vision, path planning and pattern recognition. The pxIMU firmware that includes PID-control, Kalman-filter estimation of attitude and position and the inertial measurement sensors (3D ACC, 3D Gyro, 3D Mag, Pressure). And QGroundControl [ http://qgroundcontrol.org/ ], our open-source operator control unit. QGroundControl is cross-platform and runs on Windows, Linux and MacOS.
The PIXHAWK project has developed software and hardware for Micro Air Vehicles. Our inertial measurement unit / autopilot [ http://pixhawk.ethz.ch/wiki/electronics/imu/ ] as well as the processing board [ http://pixhawk.ethz.ch/wiki/electronics/base_large/ ] is available to the general public [ http://pixhawk.ethz.ch/buy-hardware ].
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