From: m...@eff.org (Stanton McCandlish)
Subject: EFFector Online 6.05
Date: 16 Nov 1993 15:49:25 -0500
Organization: Electronic Frontier Foundation
Summary: EFF Newsletter, 6.05
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EFFector Online Volume 6 No. 5 11/15/1993 edit...@eff.org
A Publication of the Electronic Frontier Foundation ISSN 1062-9424
In This Issue:
New EFF Open Platform Statement Available Online
EFF Welcomes Mary Beth Arnett, Staff Counsel
Please Help Us Get EFF's BBS Up and Running!
Statistics Needed for Analysis of Lost Crypto Sales
Retrieving the National Information Infrastructure Documents
NSF Digital Library Open Meeting - Dec. 6
Subject: New EFF Open Platform Statement Available Online
The recent spate of telecommunications mergers -- Bell Atlantic/TCI, US
West/Time-Warner, AT&T/McCaw, plus numerous others in the works -- raise
the stakes for information policy makers and those of us who are concerned
about the development of an open, accessible information infrastructure.
EFF has just released a major new statement on our Open Platform Campaign,
which explains EFF's approach to infrastructure policy. Our big concern is
to encourage Congress and the Administration to do the right thing and set
out a new, positive communications policy that is ready for the information
age. We believe that this policy must achieve the following goals:
* Diversity of Information Sources: Promote a fully interactive
infrastructure in which the First Amendment flourishes,
allowing the greatest possible diversity of view points;
* Universal Service: Ensure a minimum level of affordable
information and communication service for all Americans;
* Free Speech and Common Carriage: Guarantee infrastructure
access regardless of the content of the message that the
user is sending;
* Privacy: Protect the security and privacy of all
communications carried over the infrastructure, and
safeguard the Fourth and Fifth Amendment rights of all
who use the information infrastructure;
* Development of Public Interest Applications and Services:
Ensure that public interest applications and services
which are not produced by the commercial market are
widely available and affordable.
Our policy proposal, available by anonymous ftp on ftp.eff.org in
/pub/Eff/papers/op2.0, contains a discussion of these principles and
concrete legislative recommendations on how to accomplish many of these
goals. Here are a few selected paragraphs from the main paper to give a
flavor of our positions, but we hope you'll read the whole thing.
Regulatory changes should be made, and mergers approved or barred
based on specific, enforceable commitments that the electronic
superhighways will meet public goals and realize the potential of digital
technology. That potential arises from the extraordinary spaciousness of
the broadband information highway, contrasted with the scarcity of
broadcast spectrum and the limited number of cable channels that defined
the mass media era. Properly constructed and administered, the information
highway has enough capacity to permit passage not only for a band of
channels controlled by the network operator, but also for a common carriage
connection that is open to all who wish to speak, publish, and communicate
on the digital information highway. For the first time, electronic media
can have the diversity of information we associate only with the print
But we can't rely on the promises of industry or the wonders of the
competitive marketplace alone to create this infrastructure. We need
legislative benchmarks to ensure that all citizens have access to advanced
information infrastructure. We will achieve this goal not by having
government build the whole thing, but by finding a new communications
policy framework that works for the market and brings benefits to
We've expanded the concept of "Open Platform Services" from just narrowband
ISDN, to include any switched, digital service, offered on a common
carriage basis, by any provider.
To achieve the full potential of new digital media, we need to make
available what we call Open Platform services, which reach all American
homes, businesses, schools, libraries, and government institutions. Open
Platform service will enable children at home to tie into their school
library (or libraries all around the world) to do their homework. It will
make it possible for a parent who makes a video of the local elementary
school soccer game to share it with parents and students throughout the
community. Open Platform will make it as easy to be an information
provider as it is to be an information consumer.
Open Platform services provide basic information access connections, just
as today's telephone line enables you to connect to an information service
or the coaxial cable running into your home connects you to cable
television programming. This is not a replacement for current online
services such as America Online or Compuserve, but rather is the basic
transport capacity that one needs to access the multimedia version of these
Specifically, Open Platform service must meet the following criteria:
* widely available, switched digital connections;
* affordable prices;
* open access to all without discrimination as the content
of the message;
* sufficient "up-stream" capacity to enable users to
originate, as well as receive, good quality video,
Open Platform service itself will be provided by a variety of providers
over interconnected networks, using a variety of wires, fiber optics, coax
cable, and wireless transmission services. But however it is provided, if
it is affordable and widely available, it will be the on-ramp for the
nation's growing information superhighway.
Rather than a narrow focus on stopping or delaying the proposed mergers,
policy makers should use the leverage of the moment to create a new
Communications Act that serves the public interest.
The Administration and Congress can create and prompt the deployment of
open platforms by using the political leverage at its disposal. Bell
Atlantic, TCI, Time Warner, US West and others involved in recent mergers
are all promising to build open platforms. Telecommunications giants are
asking policymakers for permission to enter new markets or to form new,
merged entities. Rather than per se opposition to current mergers, or mere
reliance on competition to build the data highways, make the mergers and
other accommodations conditional on providing affordable open platform
services. The terms of this new social contract should be written into a
new Communications Act, revised for the information age. With a real
"social contract" in hand, we just might realize the Jeffersonian potential
of the data superhighways.
Together with a coalition of public interest groups and private industry,
the Electronic Frontier Foundation is working to establish Open
Platform objectives in concrete legislation. Open Platform provisions,
which would cause near term deployment of Open Platform services, are
present in both the recent Senate infrastructure bill and the latest draft
of House telecommunications legislation, soon to be introduced. We are
also working with the Administration to have Open Platform policies
included in the recommendations of the Information Infrastructure Task
Force. In addition to federal policy, critical decisions about the shape
of the information infrastructure will be made at state and local levels.
Since 1991, EFF has been working with a number state legislatures and
public utility commissions to have affordable, digital services offered at
a local level. As cable and telephone infrastructures converge, we will
also work with local cable television franchising authorities. We invite
all who are concerned about these issues to join with us in these public
We hope that everyone will have a look at our new proposal, and join in to
FOR MORE INFORMATION ABOUT THE OPEN PLATFORM CAMPAIGN CONTACT:
Daniel J. Weitzner, Senior Staff Counsel, <d...@eff.org>
EFF DOCUMENTS ON THE SUBJECT (in ftp.eff.org):
Open Platform Campaign: Public Policy for the Information Age
/pub/eff/papers/op2.0 <O.P. mission and proposal>
/pub/eff/papers/op2.0.ps.z <gzip'd postscript version>
/pub/eff/papers/op2.0.readme -> .../announce.op2 <the file you are reading now>
Senate Telecommunications Infrastructure Act of 1993 (S. 1086)
EFF Testimony on Senate Infrastructure Bill
This material is also available via WAIS and gopher from wais.eff.org and
gopher.eff.org, respectively. If you do not have access to any of these
net tools, feel free contact us for assistance.
Subject: EFF Welcomes Mary Beth Arnett, Staff Counsel
Mary Beth Arnett has joined EFF as Staff Counsel for the Public Policy
team. Mary Beth has published an extensive analysis of two federal
information disclosure programs involving community and workplace
right-to-know laws. She served for four years as an attorney at a law and
policy research institute and for six years as a public member of a state
licensing and regulatory board. Mary Beth's objective in electronic
information analysis is to devise policies consistent with the Jeffersonian
ideal of empowering citizens through information provision.
Subject: Please Help Us Get EFF's BBS Up and Running!
The Electronic Frontier Foundation is working to start an EFF bulletin
board system to reach the "other half of cyberspace" -- BBSs, including the
tens of thousands of participants in BBS networks such as FidoNet. EFF
considers these hobbyist grassroots pioneers as important to the future of
communications as experienced net.surfers, and both cultures of the
online world have much to gain or lose by the issues at stake.
The EFF BBS will provide a full mirror of our FTP/gopher/WAIS archives, as
well as networked messaging, including FidoNet's and UseNet's relevant
conferences, such as BBSLAW, SYSLAW, comp.org.eff.talk, alt.security.pgp,
alt.politics.datahighway, and more. The board will serve as a place for
those with modems but no Internet access to get the information they need
to avoid pitfalls and to support campaigns to preserve our rights online.
However, money does not grow on trees, and EFF is asking for contributions
of hardware donations so that the project can get rolling. Our wish list:
Basic system components - 486DX2-66 motherboard, 512k cache, preferably
EISA-VESA; tower case w/300+ watt PS; both floppies; AT keyboard
800+ MB SCSI-2 hard drive
SCSI-2 HD controller card with at least 1MB cache, especially EISA or VESA
8-16 MB RAM in 4MB 60NS SIMMs
SVGA card, 1024x768, 1MB+
SVGA monitor .28mm, 1024x768, 14"+, colour
Fast ethernet card, especially EISA or VESA
SCSI or parallel tape backup
4 fast modems (19.2 USR DS, 28.8 Hayes V.fast, 19.2 ZyXEL, and one other,
undecided yet, probably Telebit V.terbo)
For non-critical components (i.e., anything but MB/CPU, HD and modems),
we'll certainly consider used equipment.
BBS software has already been donated, though various other software is
still needed (utils, editors, Fido mailer, etc.)
All donors will receive a note of thanks in EFFector and on the BBS in a
permanent bulletin. Note that donations are tax deductible.
Subject: Statistics Needed for Analysis of Lost Crypto Sales
The Software Publishers Association (SPA) has been working to bring
about the liberalization of export controls on mass market software
with encryption capabilities. SPA's much-publicized study of the
foreign availability of cryptographic products has clearly
demonstrated the widespread and easy availability of encryption
that is stronger than what U. S. firms have been able to export.
However, NSA claims that software companies have not demonstrated
sufficiently the economic harm they have suffered from export
controls. Congress has told us that without better economic harm
statistics, our chances of liberalizing the export laws are slim.
Therefore, WE NEED YOUR HELP.
If you or your firm has lost business because you have not been
able to export your encryption product, please let us know. Be as
specific as possible. It is the cumulative effect of this
information that will be most compelling.
Please pass this on to those in your firm who might know about
these matters or might also be able to respond.
Please send replies to i.rosent...@applelink.apple.com or to
Ilene Rosenthal, General Counsel
Software Publishers Association
1730 M St. NW, Suite 700
Washington DC 20036
(202) 452-1600 ext. 318
(202) 452-1600 ext. 342
When sending this information to SPA, please also send a copy to the
Electronic Frontier Foundation, as both SPA and EFF are working on this
issue, and both organizations aim to reduce the ITAR restrictions on
cryptographic technology. You can send your information to e...@eff.org.
Subject: Retrieving the National Information Infrastructure Documents
WHAT IS AVAILABLE -- AND HOW?
Information on the National Information Infrastructure is available both
electronically, in print and in CD-ROM. Please note that some information
varies at each site and can include daily updates from the White House,
press releases and briefings, background information, and reports.
As additional documents and retrieval sources become available, we
will update this factsheet.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
I. Retrieving an electronic version -- at no charge
A. Retrieval via electronic bulletin board
B. Retrieval via electronic mail
C. Retrieval via gopher and telnet
D. Retrieval via anonymous-ftp
I. RETRIEVING AN ELECTRONIC VERSION -- NO CHARGE
A - VIA ELECTRONIC BULLETIN BOARDS
1) Bulletin Board at Fedworld (National Technical Info. Service)
Set software parameters for: N-8-1
Dial: (9600 baud) 703-321-8020
B - VIA ELECTRONIC MAIL
1) send a message to: alma...@ace.esusda.gov
Depending on the information you are looking for, using the commands
below, you will receive the information you request.
TO RETRIEVE: TYPE:
Agenda for Action send niiagenda
Technology for Economic
Growth Catalog send nii-tech catalog
C - VIA GOPHER AND/OR TELNET
1) gopher ace.esusda.gov (Extension Service, USDA)
To get to this gopher, type:
From the Main Menu, choose:
5. Americans Communicating Electronically/...
3. National Information Infrastructure documents
2) gopher sunsite.unc.edu (University of North Carolina)
To get to this gopher, type:
12. National Information Infrastructure Information/
4. Technology Initiative Summary/
3) telnet gopher.nist.gov
Telnet to: gopher.nist.gov
login as "gopher". Choose the menu item "DOC
Documents". Choose "niiagenda.asc".
D - VIA ANONYMOUS-FTP
1. Internet The package is available in ASCII format through
anonymous FTP and Gopher. The name of the file is
"niiagenda.asc". Access information and directories are
Login as "anonymous". Use your email address or guest
as the password. Change directory to "pub".
Login as "anonymous" using "guest" as the password.
Login as "anonymous". Use your email address or "guest"
as the password. Change directory to npr.
The package also may be present in a self extracting
compressed file named "niiagend.exe". Remember to
issue the binary command before "getting" the
E -- BULLETIN BOARD ACCESS
Bulletin Boards The package is available for downloading on
the following bulletin boards:
Name: NTIA Bulletin Board
Phone: (202) 482-1199
Communications parameters should be set to either 2400 or
9600 baud, no parity, 8 data bits and 1 stop bit. The
package is available under the "press releases" menu item as
"niiagend.asc" (ascii) and "niiagend.exe" (compressed-self
Name: Department of Commerce Economic Bulletin Board
Phone: 202-482-1986 (voice instructions for subscription
This is a "fee for service" bulletin board. Subscribers may
download the "niiagenda" document for normal on-line
charges. Non-subscribers may subscribe for $35 and download
the report for no additional charge. Free telnet access and
download services are available through the Internet by
using the address: ebb.stat-usa.gov. Use trial as your user
Name: FedWorld On-line Information Network
Phone: (703) 321-8020
Communications parameters should be set to either 2400 or
9600 baud, no parity, 8 data bits and 1 stop bit. To access
"niiagend.asc" from the FedWorld menu, enter "<f s w-
house". Telnet access is available through the Internet
using the address: fedworld.doc.gov. Further information
about FedWorld can be obtained by calling (voice) 703-487-
What Else is Available?
We currently have information on the National Initatives
available for access in various ways. To find out more on what
is available, Send a message to the following addresses.
Health Security Act hea...@ace.esusda.gov
National Performance Review n...@ace.esusda.gov
National Information Infrastructure n...@ace.esusda.gov
Each one of these has information on how to access the documents
for your areas of interest.
The most up-to-date version of this document can be obtained by sending
Do not place any text in the body of the message.
Subject: NSF Digital Library Open Meeting - Dec. 6
The National Science Foundation (NSF) will hold a Briefing Meeting
concerning the NSF/ARPA/NASA "Research on Digital Libraries" Initiative
(Announcement NSF-93-141). This meeting will take place on December 6,
10:00 am to 12:00 noon, at the Auditorium of the National Academy of
Sciences, 2100 C Street N.W., Washington, DC. This meeting will be open to
all parties interested in responding to this Initiative. For further
information, please contact Gwendolyn Barber. By telephone: (202) 357-9572.
By email: gbar...@nsf.gov. NSF-93-141 is available via US Mail or email,
believe it or not, but due to a move to a new office, there may be a delay in
getting it to you.
EFFector Online is published biweekly by:
Electronic Frontier Foundation
1001 G Street, N.W., Suite 950 East
Washington, DC 20001, USA
Phone: +1 202 347 5400, FAX: +1 202 393 5509
Internet Address: e...@eff.org or a...@eff.org
Coordination, production and shipping by:
Stanton McCandlish, Online Activist <m...@eff.org>
Reproduction of this publication in electronic media is encouraged. Signed
articles do not necessarily represent the view of the EFF. To reproduce
signed articles individually, please contact the authors for their express
*This newsletter is printed on 100% recycled electrons.*
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of several physical networks, among them UUCP, BLICN, BERKNET, X.25, and
the ARPANET. Sites on USENET included many universities, private companies
and research organizations. See USENET Archives.
SCO Files Lawsuit Against IBM
March 7, 2003 - The SCO Group filed legal action against IBM in the State
Court of Utah for trade secrets misappropriation, tortious interference,
unfair competition and breach of contract. The complaint alleges that IBM
made concentrated efforts to improperly destroy the economic value of
UNIX, particularly UNIX on Intel, to benefit IBM's Linux services
business. See SCO vs IBM.
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