International Standards Organization Members Approve Sun's PAS Application
Approval means Sun's Java™ technologies can move from de facto to de jure
PALO ALTO, CA -- November 17 -- The International Organization for Standardization
(ISO) today announced that the overwhelming majority of its Joint Technical Committee
1 members voted to approve Sun Microsystems, Inc.'s application to become a Publicly
Available Specifications (PAS) Submitter. With this approval, Sun may now begin
to submit the Java™ platform specifications for standardization.
In the final ballot, 20 countries voted `yes,' 2 countries submitted `no' votes,
and 2 countries abstained.
"We are pleased that the National Bodies of JTC1 have given their approval for
Sun to proceed toward standardizing the Java specifications," said Dr. Jim Mitchell,
Vice President, Technology and Architecture at Sun's JavaSoft division. "This represents
a great endorsement by the world's technology leaders for Sun's open development
process -- the process that created the Java platform and helped to make it a de
facto standard worldwide."
Countries voting yes were Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Denmark,
Finland, France, Germany, Hungary, Ireland, Japan, Korea, The Netherlands, New Zealand,
Norway, Romania, Slovenia, Sweden, the United Kingdom. Countries voting no were
China and the United States. Abstaining were Italy and Switzerland.
"We're grateful to each member country's standards body for their careful consideration
of our application over the better part of this year," said Mitchell. "As the first
for profit company accepted as a PAS Submitter, we at Sun join the worldwide technology
standards community in pioneering a rapid, effective means of creating relevant
de jure standards."
For background on Sun's ISO application to standardize the Java platform specifications,
please see http://java.sun.com/aboutJava/standardization/index.html.
Since its inception in 1982, a singular vision, "The Network Is The Computer™"
has propelled Sun Microsystems, Inc. (NASDAQ "SUNW") to its position as a leading
provider of hardware, software and services for establishing enterprise-wide intranets
and expanding the power of the Internet. With more than $8.5 billion in annual revenues,
Sun can be found in more than 150 countries and on the World Wide Web at http://www.sun.com.
Sun, the Sun logo, Sun Microsystems, "The Network Is The Computer", JavaSoft, and
Java are trademarks or registered trademarks or Sun Microsystems, Inc. in the United
States and other countries.
Frequently Asked Questions
- Q: What is ISO?
- A: Established in 1947, the International Organization for Standardization
(ISO) is a worldwide, non-governmental federation of the national standards
bodies from over 100 countries. The deliberations that ISO oversees result in
International Standards for many industrial activities. International standardization
is market-driven, consensus-based and voluntary.
- Q: What is JTC1?
- A: ISO and the International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) formed a
Joint Technical Committee (JTC1) to administer the development of standards
in information technology. The number one refers to the fact that it is the
first and only formal collaboration between ISO and IEC.
- Q: What is a PAS submitter?
- A: PAS stands for Publicly Available Specification. The ISO PAS process
was designed to permit information technology specifications developed by consortia
and individual companies and widely accepted around the world as de facto standards
to be submitted for consideration as international standards.
- Q: Why should the Java technologies be standardized?
- A: The Java platform is already a de facto standard for worldwide Internet
computing. De facto standards are great, and are certainly what much of the
industry relies on today. We believe, however, that the industry is well served
if a technology of this magnitude is validated by an international standards
organization of the stature of ISO/IEC. That way, governments, universities
and other institutions that require use of standard technologies will be better
able to deploy Java-based solutions. We believe that is the right thing to do
for everyone in the industry.
- Q: What happens now that Sun has been approved as a PAS Submitter?
- A: Sun now has permission to submit the specifications that underlie the
Java technologies for consideration as an international standard. Sun will be
eligible for two years to make submissions.
- Q: Which Java technologies will Sun submit through this process and when?
- A: It is premature for us to outline a timetable for our submission. We
have stated in our responses to the comments of the JTC1 National Bodies that
we will submit the specifications for the Java platform because this is what
is needed to support Write Once Run Anywhere. The specifications for the Java
Virtual Machine, the Java Language, and the core Java class libraries together
comprise the Java Platform specification.
- Q: What does this victory mean for Sun ?
- A: This strong result in favor of Sun's application shows that the worldwide
standards bodies understand and approve of Sun's open development process for
building the Java platform and that our stewardship has been key to the success
of the Java Platform. We can move ahead with our process with confidence, knowing
that there is a well defined route, the PAS process, for creating an international
standard based on the Java platform specifications.
- Q: Does this change the way Sun will handle Java?
- A: No, it does not. Our process for evolving the platform is now and will
continue to be a collaborative process guided by the industry. We will continue
to work with industry leaders to define specifications for Java technologies.
- Q: Did Sun change its policy re: the Java trademark or maintenace of the
Java specifications to win approval?
- A: No. The Java trademark defines the characteristics of the Java products
and implementations -- not specifications. Specifications never carry trademarks.
Products carry trademarks. As such, the member countries understood Sun's position
that the company must maintain the Java trademark. Similarly, the member countries
approved our application's proposal on maintenance of the specifications which
was to define a working group within ISO with resources provided by Sun.
- Q: What is Sun doing that is different from other companies that want their
technologies to be standards?
- A: Sun is the first for-profit company to be approved as a PAS Submitter.
Sun has set the bar very high with our open Java specifications, our open specification
development process and our commitment to open systems. We hope that we provide
a model for other companies who decide to pursue the PAS process.
- Q: Some developers and companies have said that they don't think Sun should
put Java into a standards body. Why are you doing this?
- A: There is value in having the Java platform specifications become ISO
standards. Many governments, universities and other institutions require use
of standard technologies in their procurement policies and requests. ISO approval
will help Java platform providers and software developers sell their wares to
- Q: Won't standardization slow the development of the Java platform?
- A: Not at all. Sun's process for developing Java specifications will continue
to be open and involve our licensees, the industry, and developers worldwide,
using the Web to develop and refine specifications at Internet speeds. Java
platform development will continue at the same pace.