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From: Lars.Wirzenius@helsinki.fi (Lars Wirzenius)
Subject: README: Where to find information about Linux (20 July 1992)
Date: 20 Jul 92 16:19:19 GMT

Purpose of this article

    This article is a weekly reminder of how you can find information
    about Linux.  It doesn't answer any questions directly, but it tells
    you where you can probably find an answer by yourself.   I hope that
    it will make people more aware of existing documentation, and cut
    down on the unnecessary postings that ask solutions to common
    problems, thereby making comp.os.linux more useful for new problems.

    I'll try to keep this article short, to save bandwidth, although
    it does mean I have to be quite brief.  Please mail any comments
    to Lars.Wirzenius@helsinki.fi.  

    Thanks to all the people who have helped form this document.  I'm
    sorry I can't list your names, you're just too numerous.

Major FTP sites for Linux

    textual name                            numeric addr   Linux directory

    banjo.concert.net                       192.101.21.6   /pub/Linux
    tsx-11.mit.edu                          18.172.1.2     /pub/linux
    nic.funet.fi                            128.214.6.100  /pub/OS/Linux
    ftp.mcc.ac.uk                           130.88.200.7   /pub/linux
    kirk.bu.oz.au                           131.244.1.1    /pub/OS/Linux
    utsun.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp                   133.11.11.11   /misc/linux
    ftp.informatik.tu-muenchen.de           131.159.0.110  /pub/Linux
    Tupac-Amaru.Informatik.RWTH-Aaechen.DE  137.226.112.31 /pub/msdos/replace
    fgb1.fgb.mw.tu-muenchen.de              129.187.200.1  /pub/linux

    banjo and fgb1 are the official site for Linux' GCC.  ftp.mcc is home of
    the MCC interim release.  Some sites mirror other sites.  Please use the
    site closest (network-wise) to you. 

    All filenames given in this article are relative to the directories
    given above.

Installation documents

    Ian Reid's INSTALL.doc (nic.funet.fi, in the images directory) and Chuck
    Boyer's "(DOS) Beginner's Guide to Linux v0.95a" are a bit outdated but
    still helpful installation instructions.  The FAQ (see below) also has
    something to say on this matter.

    The MCC release has its own set of installation instructions.

The general Linux FAQ (FAQ = Frequently Asked Questions list, with answers)

    The FAQ contains a LOT of information, and is pretty long (posted
    as two parts).  Everybody should read it, 'cause it really does 
    contain solutions to the most common problems.  It's posted monthly 
    to comp.os.linux, and can also be FTP'd from at least tsx-11
    (docs/FAQ_xxxx, where xxxx is the date) and mirrors.

The GCC README, release-xxxx, and FAQ

    README and release-xxxx (xxxx is version number) contain
    instructions for installation.  It seems that most of the problems
    people have had with the release 2.2.2 are due to misreading or not
    reading these files.  GCC also has its own FAQ.  It and the other
    two files are part of the GCC distribution (in file 2.2.2misc.tar.Z).

Mailing-lists

    There are several mailing-lists for Linux.  Check the FAQ for more
    information about them, including how to join.

Other newsgroups

    Not all problems you encounter while using Linux are Linux specific.
    You may also want to read several groups in the comp.unix hierarchy,
    comp.sources.wanted, alt.sources.wanted, and especially any FAQs in
    these groups.

Documentation for various programs

    Most of the various software packages come with some sort of
    documentation, often in files that have names similar to README.  It
    is a VERY good idea to read them with care.  It is boring to see
    (_and_ answer) questions that are answered in the documentation.

Finding the current releases of programs

    New releases and new programs are usually announced in comp.os.linux
    and/or the mailing lists. Other than that, you more or less have to
    check the FTP sites.

    Linus' .plan contains some information about the current kernel. finger
    torvalds@klaava.helsinki.fi.  (It is often quite long!)

    Please try to use the current releases, if possible, at least of the
    kernel and compiler.  If you have a problem, please first make sure you
    have a current release, it often helps.

Getting software

    Most or all of the software is available via FTP.  If you don't have FTP, 
    see "How to find sources" in news.answers, and the Linux FAQ.

From: Lars.Wirzenius@helsinki.fi (Lars Wirzenius)
Subject: README: Where to find information about Linux (25 July 1992)
Date: 26 Jul 92 21:00:05 GMT

Purpose of this article

    This article is a weekly reminder of how you can find information about
    Linux.  It doesn't answer any questions directly, but it tells you where
    you can probably find an answer by yourself. I hope that it will make
    people more aware of existing documentation, and cut down on the
    unnecessary postings that ask solutions to common problems, thereby making
    comp.os.linux more useful for new problems.

    I'll try to keep this article short, to save bandwidth, although it does
    mean I have to be quite brief. Please mail any comments, corrections and
    suggestions to Lars.Wirzenius@helsinki.fi.

    Thanks to all the people who have helped form this document. I'm sorry I
    can't list your names, you're just too numerous.

Major FTP sites for Linux

     textual name                            numeric addr   Linux directory

     banjo.concert.net                       192.101.21.6   /pub/Linux
     tsx-11.mit.edu                          18.172.1.2     /pub/linux
     nic.funet.fi                            128.214.6.100  /pub/OS/Linux
     ftp.mcc.ac.uk                           130.88.200.7   /pub/linux
     kirk.bu.oz.au                           131.244.1.1    /pub/OS/Linux
     utsun.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp                   133.11.11.11   /misc/linux
     ftp.informatik.tu-muenchen.de           131.159.0.110  /pub/Linux
     fgb1.fgb.mw.tu-muenchen.de              129.187.200.1  /pub/linux
     ftp.dfv.rwth-aachen.de                  137.226.4.105  /pub/linux
     Tupac-Amaru.Informatik.RWTH-Aaechen.DE  137.226.112.31 /pub/Linux

    banjo and fgb1 are the official site for Linux' GCC. ftp.mcc is home of
    the MCC interim release. Some sites mirror other sites. Please use the
    site closest (network-wise) to you. Tupac-Amaru may be unreliable.

    All filenames given in this article are relative to the directories given
    above.

Getting Linux

    The official release (Linus' bootdisk and Jim Winstead's rootdisk) can be
    found on most ftp sites (at least tsx-11, nic.funet.fi and banjo).
    Unofficial releases include the MCC interim release, said to be fairly
    easy to install, from ftp.mcc (and other sites), Dave Safford's kit, based
    on MCC, but includes X, and Martin Junius' mj-release (from ftp.dfv).  See
    also the FAQ for more information.

Installation documents

    Ian Reid's INSTALL.doc (usually close to the root disk) and Chuck Boyer's
    (DOS) Beginner's Guide to Linux v0.95a are a bit outdated but still
    helpful installation instructions. The root disk has instructions for
    installation, and the MCC release has its own instructions. The FAQ (see
    below) also has something to say on this matter.

The general Linux FAQ (FAQ = Frequently Asked Questions list, with answers)

    The FAQ contains a LOT of information, and is pretty long (posted as two
    parts). Everybody should read it, 'cause it really does contain solutions
    to the most common problems. It's posted monthly to comp.os.linux and
    news.answers, and can also be FTP'd from at least tsx-11, docs/FAQ_xxx,
    (xxx is the date), nic.funet.fi, doc/FAQ_xxx, and banjo, Incoming/FAQ_xxx.

The GCC README, release-xxxx, and FAQ

    README and release-xxxx (xxxx is version number) contain instructions for
    installation. It seems that most of the problems people have had with
    release 2.2.2 are due to misreading or not reading these files. GCC also
    has its own FAQ. It and the other two files are part of the GCC
    distribution (in file 2.2.2misc.tar.Z).

Mailing-lists

    There are several mailing-lists for Linux.  Check the FAQ for more
    information about them, including how to join.

Other newsgroups

    Not all problems you encounter while using Linux are Linux specific.  You
    may also want to read several groups in the comp.unix hierarchy,
    comp.sources.wanted, alt.sources.wanted, and especially any FAQs in these
    groups.

Documentation for various programs

    Most of the various software packages come with some sort of
    documentation, often in files that have names similar to README. It is a
    VERY good idea to read them with care. It is boring to see (_and_ answer)
    questions that are answered in the documentation.

Finding the current releases of programs

    New releases and new programs are usually announced in comp.os.linux
    and/or the mailing lists. Other than that, you more or less have to check
    the FTP sites.

    Linus' .plan contains some information about the current kernel. finger
    torvalds@klaava.helsinki.fi.  (It is often quite long!)

    Please try to use the current releases, if possible, at least of the
    kernel and compiler. If you have a problem, please first make sure you
    have a current release, it often helps. Don't use alpha test releases
    unless you like problems.

Ongoing projects

    James Callison maintains a list of who is currently doing what for Linux.
    Mail to constellation!biglaw!registry@mailhost.ecn.uoknor (if that doesn't
    work, try callison@uokmax.ecn.uoknor).  The list will be posted regularly
    to comp.os.linux.

Getting software

    Most or all of the software is available via FTP.  If you don't have FTP,
    see "How to find sources" in news.answers, and the Linux FAQ.

From: Lars.Wirzenius@helsinki.fi (Lars Wirzenius)
Subject: --> META-FAQ: Where to find information about Linux (13 Aug 1992) <--
Date: 16 Aug 92 21:00:04 GMT

Purpose of this article

        This article is a weekly reminder of how you can find
        information about Linux.  It doesn't answer any questions
        directly, but it tells you where you can probably find an
        answer by yourself.  I'll try to keep this article short to
        save bandwidth, although it does mean I have to be quite
        brief.  Please mail any comments, corrections and suggestions
        to Lars.Wirzenius@helsinki.fi.

        Thanks to all the people who have helped form this document.
        I'm sorry I can't list your names, you're just too many.

Major FTP sites for Linux

        textual name                            numeric addr   Linux directory
        
        tsx-11.mit.edu                          18.172.1.2     /pub/linux
        nic.funet.fi                            128.214.6.100  /pub/OS/Linux
        ftp.mcc.ac.uk                           130.88.200.7   /pub/linux
        kirk.bu.oz.au                           131.244.1.1    /pub/OS/Linux
        utsun.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp                   133.11.11.11   /misc/linux
        ftp.informatik.tu-muenchen.de           131.159.0.110  /pub/Linux
        fgb1.fgb.mw.tu-muenchen.de              129.187.200.1  /pub/linux
        ftp.dfv.rwth-aachen.de                  137.226.4.105  /pub/linux
        Tupac-Amaru.Informatik.RWTH-Aaechen.DE  137.226.112.31 /pub/Linux
        
        Filenames in this article are relative to the directories
        given above.
        
        NOTE: banjo.concert.net is not a Linux ftp site anymore.

        tsx-11 and fgb1 are the official sites for Linux' GCC.
        ftp.mcc is home of the MCC interim release.  Some sites mirror
        other sites.  Please use the site closest (network-wise) to
        you.

        Zane Healy posts (every now and then) a list of BBS's that
        have Linux available for download.  Try them if you can't FTP.
        You can also try various ftpmail-servers, for example by
        sending mail to ftpmail@decwrl.dec.com, with the word help in
        the subject.

"Releases" (or different versions) of Linux

        The official release (Linus' bootdisk and Jim Winstead's
        rootdisk) can be found on most ftp sites (at least tsx-11 and
        nic.funet.fi).  Unofficial releases include the MCC interim
        release, said to be easy to install, from ftp.mcc (and other
        sites), Dave Safford's kit, based on MCC, but includes X, and
        Martin Junius' mj-release, similar to the official release
        with a lot of added programs (from ftp.dfv).  See also the FAQ
        for more information.

Installation documents

        Ian Reid's INSTALL.doc (nic.funet.fi, in the images directory)
        and Chuck Boyer's "(DOS) Beginner's Guide to Linux v0.95a" are
        a bit outdated but still helpful installation instructions.
        The root disk has instructions for installation, and the MCC
        release has its own instructions.  The FAQ (see below) also
        has something to say on this matter.

The general Linux FAQ (FAQ = Frequently Asked Questions list, with answers)

        The FAQ contains a LOT of information, and is pretty long
        (posted as two parts).  Everybody should read it, 'cause it
        really does contain solutions to the many common problems.  It
        can be FTP'd from at least tsx-11 (docs/FAQ_xxx, where xxx is
        the date), and nic.funet.fi (doc/FAQ_xxx).  Also check the
        archives at pit-manager, send mail to
        mail-server@pit-manager.mit.edu with the word help in it.

The GCC README, release-xxxx, and FAQ

        README and release-xxxx (xxxx is version number) contain
        instructions for installation.  It seems that most of the
        problems people have had with the release 2.2.2 are due to
        misreading or not reading these files.  GCC also has its own
        FAQ.  It and the other two files are part of the GCC
        distribution (in file 2.2.2misc.tar.Z).

Mailing-lists

        There are several mailing-lists for Linux.  Check the FAQ for
        more information about them, including how to join.

Other newsgroups

        Not all problems you encounter while using Linux are Linux
        specific.  You may also want to read several groups in the
        comp.unix hierarchy, comp.sources.wanted, alt.sources.wanted,
        and especially any FAQs in these groups.

Documentation for various programs

        Most of the various software packages come with some sort of
        documentation, often in files that have names similar to
        README.  It is a VERY good idea to read them with care.  It is
        boring to see (_and_ answer) questions that are answered in
        the documentation.

Finding the current releases of programs

        New releases and new programs are usually announced in
        comp.os.linux and/or the mailing lists.  Other than that, you
        more or less have to check the FTP sites.

        Linus' .plan contains some information about the current
        kernel.  finger torvalds@klaava.helsinki.fi.  (It is often
        quite long!)

        Please try to use the current releases, if possible, at least
        of the kernel and compiler.  If you have a problem, please
        first make sure you have a current release, it often helps.
        Don't use alpha test releases unless you _like_ problems.

Ongoing projects

        James Callison maintains a list of who is currently doing what
        for Linux.  Mail to
        constellation!biglaw!registry@mailhost.ecn.uoknor (if that
        doesn't work, try callison@uokmax.ecn.uoknor).  The list is
        posted regularly to comp.os.linux.

Getting software

        Most or all of the software is available via FTP.  If you
        don't have FTP, see "How to find sources" in news.answers, and
        the Linux FAQ.

From: Lars.Wirzenius@helsinki.fi (Lars Wirzenius)
Subject: --> META-FAQ: Where to find information about Linux (08 Sep 1992) <--
Date: 27 Sep 92 22:00:07 GMT

Purpose of this article

        This article is a weekly reminder of how you can find
        information about Linux.  It doesn't answer any questions
        directly, but it tells you where you can probably find an
        answer by yourself.  I'll try to keep this article short to
        save bandwidth, although it does mean I have to be quite
        brief.  Please mail any comments, corrections and suggestions
        to Lars.Wirzenius@helsinki.fi.

        Thanks to all the people who have helped form this document.
        I'm sorry I can't list your names, you're just too many.

Major FTP sites for Linux

        textual name                            numeric addr   Linux directory
        
        tsx-11.mit.edu                          18.172.1.2     /pub/linux
        nic.funet.fi                            128.214.6.100  /pub/OS/Linux
        ftp.mcc.ac.uk                           130.88.200.7   /pub/linux
        kirk.bu.oz.au                           131.244.1.1    /pub/OS/Linux
        utsun.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp                   133.11.11.11   /misc/linux
        ftp.informatik.tu-muenchen.de           131.159.0.110  /pub/Linux
        fgb1.fgb.mw.tu-muenchen.de              129.187.200.1  /pub/linux
        ftp.dfv.rwth-aachen.de                  137.226.4.105  /pub/linux
        Tupac-Amaru.Informatik.RWTH-Aachen.DE   137.226.112.31 /pub/Linux
        sunsite.unc.edu                         152.2.22.81    /pub/Linux
        
        Filenames in this article are relative to the directories
        given above.
        
        tsx-11 and fgb1 are the official sites for Linux' GCC.
        ftp.mcc is home of the MCC interim release.  Some sites mirror
        other sites.  Please use the site closest (network-wise) to
        you.

        Zane Healy posts (every now and then) a list of BBS's that
        have Linux available for download.  Try them if you can't FTP.
        You can also try various ftpmail-servers, for example by
        sending mail to ftpmail@decwrl.dec.com, with the word help in
        the subject.

"Releases" (or different versions) of Linux

        The official release (Linus' bootdisk and Jim Winstead's
        rootdisk) can be found on most ftp sites (at least tsx-11 and
        nic.funet.fi).  Unofficial releases include the MCC interim
        release, said to be easy to install, from ftp.mcc (and other
        sites), the SLS release, which should contain most of the
        important stuff (from tsx-11), Dave Safford's kit, based on MCC,
        but includes X, and Martin Junius' mj-release, similar to the
        official release with a lot of added programs (from ftp.dfv). 
        See also the FAQ for more information. 

Installation documents

        Ian Reid's INSTALL.doc (nic.funet.fi, in the images directory)
        and Chuck Boyer's "(DOS) Beginner's Guide to Linux v0.95a" are
        a bit outdated but still helpful installation instructions.
        The root disk has instructions for installation, and the MCC
        release has its own instructions.  The FAQ (see below) also
        has something to say on this matter.

The general Linux FAQ (FAQ = Frequently Asked Questions list, with answers)

        The FAQ contains a LOT of information, and is pretty long
        (posted as two parts).  Everybody should read it, 'cause it
        really does contain solutions to the many common problems.  It
        can be FTP'd from at least tsx-11 (docs/FAQ_xxx, where xxx is
        the date), and nic.funet.fi (doc/FAQ_xxx).  Also check the
        archives at pit-manager, send mail to
        mail-server@pit-manager.mit.edu with the word help in it.

The GCC README, release-xxxx, and FAQ

        README and release-xxxx (xxxx is version number) contain
        instructions for installation.  It seems that most of the
        problems people have had with the release 2.2.2 are due to
        misreading or not reading these files.  GCC also has its own
        FAQ.  It and the other two files are part of the GCC
        distribution (in file 2.2.2misc.tar.Z).

Mailing-lists

        There are several mailing-lists for Linux.  Check the FAQ for
        more information about them, including how to join.

Other newsgroups

        Not all problems you encounter while using Linux are Linux
        specific.  You may also want to read several groups in the
        comp.unix hierarchy, comp.sources.wanted, alt.sources.wanted,
        and especially any FAQs in these groups.

Documentation for various programs

        Most of the various software packages come with some sort of
        documentation, often in files that have names similar to
        README.  It is a VERY good idea to read them with care.  It is
        boring to see (_and_ answer) questions that are answered in
        the documentation.

Finding the current releases of programs

        New releases and new programs are usually announced in
        comp.os.linux and/or the mailing lists.  Other than that, you
        more or less have to check the FTP sites.

        Linus' .plan contains some information about the current
        kernel.  finger torvalds@klaava.helsinki.fi.  (It is often
        quite long!)

        Please try to use the current releases, if possible, at least
        of the kernel and compiler.  If you have a problem, please
        first make sure you have a current release, it often helps.
        Don't use alpha test releases unless you _like_ problems.

Ongoing projects

        James Callison maintains a list of who is currently doing what
        for Linux.  Mail to
        constellation!biglaw!registry@mailhost.ecn.uoknor (if that
        doesn't work, try callison@uokmax.ecn.uoknor).  The list is
        posted regularly to comp.os.linux.

Getting software

        Most or all of the software is available via FTP.  If you
        don't have FTP, see "How to find sources" in news.answers, and
        the Linux FAQ.

From: Lars.Wirzenius@helsinki.fi (Lars Wirzenius)
Subject: --> META-FAQ: Where to find information about Linux (08 Sep 1992) <--
Date: 11 Oct 92 22:00:11 GMT

Purpose of this article

        This article is a weekly reminder of how you can find
        information about Linux.  It doesn't answer any questions
        directly, but it tells you where you can probably find an
        answer by yourself.  I'll try to keep this article short to
        save bandwidth, although it does mean I have to be quite
        brief.  Please mail any comments, corrections and suggestions
        to Lars.Wirzenius@helsinki.fi.

        Thanks to all the people who have helped form this document.
        I'm sorry I can't list your names, you're just too many.

Major FTP sites for Linux

        textual name                            numeric addr   Linux directory
        
        tsx-11.mit.edu                          18.172.1.2     /pub/linux
        nic.funet.fi                            128.214.6.100  /pub/OS/Linux
        ftp.mcc.ac.uk                           130.88.200.7   /pub/linux
        kirk.bu.oz.au                           131.244.1.1    /pub/OS/Linux
        utsun.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp                   133.11.11.11   /misc/linux
        ftp.informatik.tu-muenchen.de           131.159.0.110  /pub/Linux
        fgb1.fgb.mw.tu-muenchen.de              129.187.200.1  /pub/linux
        ftp.dfv.rwth-aachen.de                  137.226.4.105  /pub/linux
        Tupac-Amaru.Informatik.RWTH-Aachen.DE   137.226.112.31 /pub/Linux
        sunsite.unc.edu                         152.2.22.81    /pub/Linux
        
        Filenames in this article are relative to the directories
        given above.
        
        tsx-11 and fgb1 are the official sites for Linux' GCC.
        ftp.mcc is home of the MCC interim release.  Some sites mirror
        other sites.  Please use the site closest (network-wise) to
        you.

        Zane Healy posts (every now and then) a list of BBS's that
        have Linux available for download.  Try them if you can't FTP.
        You can also try various ftpmail-servers, for example by
        sending mail to ftpmail@decwrl.dec.com, with the word help in
        the subject.

"Releases" (or different versions) of Linux

        The official release (Linus' bootdisk and Jim Winstead's
        rootdisk) can be found on most ftp sites (at least tsx-11 and
        nic.funet.fi).  Unofficial releases include the MCC interim
        release, said to be easy to install, from ftp.mcc (and other
        sites), the SLS release, which should contain most of the
        important stuff (from tsx-11), Dave Safford's kit, based on MCC,
        but includes X, and Martin Junius' mj-release, similar to the
        official release with a lot of added programs (from ftp.dfv). 
        See also the FAQ for more information. 

Installation documents

        Ian Reid's INSTALL.doc (nic.funet.fi, in the images directory)
        and Chuck Boyer's "(DOS) Beginner's Guide to Linux v0.95a" are
        a bit outdated but still helpful installation instructions.
        The root disk has instructions for installation, and the MCC
        release has its own instructions.  The FAQ (see below) also
        has something to say on this matter.

The general Linux FAQ (FAQ = Frequently Asked Questions list, with answers)

        The FAQ contains a LOT of information, and is pretty long
        (posted as two parts).  Everybody should read it, 'cause it
        really does contain solutions to the many common problems.  It
        can be FTP'd from at least tsx-11 (docs/FAQ_xxx, where xxx is
        the date), and nic.funet.fi (doc/FAQ_xxx).  Also check the
        archives at pit-manager, send mail to
        mail-server@pit-manager.mit.edu with the word help in it.

The GCC README, release-xxxx, and FAQ

        README and release-xxxx (xxxx is version number) contain
        instructions for installation.  It seems that most of the
        problems people have had with the release 2.2.2 are due to
        misreading or not reading these files.  GCC also has its own
        FAQ.  It and the other two files are part of the GCC
        distribution (in file 2.2.2misc.tar.Z).

Mailing-lists

        There are several mailing-lists for Linux.  Check the FAQ for
        more information about them, including how to join.

Other newsgroups

        Not all problems you encounter while using Linux are Linux
        specific.  You may also want to read several groups in the
        comp.unix hierarchy, comp.sources.wanted, alt.sources.wanted,
        and especially any FAQs in these groups.

Documentation for various programs

        Most of the various software packages come with some sort of
        documentation, often in files that have names similar to
        README.  It is a VERY good idea to read them with care.  It is
        boring to see (_and_ answer) questions that are answered in
        the documentation.

Finding the current releases of programs

        New releases and new programs are usually announced in
        comp.os.linux and/or the mailing lists.  Other than that, you
        more or less have to check the FTP sites.

        Linus' .plan contains some information about the current
        kernel.  finger torvalds@klaava.helsinki.fi.  (It is often
        quite long!)

        Please try to use the current releases, if possible, at least
        of the kernel and compiler.  If you have a problem, please
        first make sure you have a current release, it often helps.
        Don't use alpha test releases unless you _like_ problems.

Ongoing projects

        James Callison maintains a list of who is currently doing what
        for Linux.  Mail to
        constellation!biglaw!registry@mailhost.ecn.uoknor (if that
        doesn't work, try callison@uokmax.ecn.uoknor).  The list is
        posted regularly to comp.os.linux.

Getting software

        Most or all of the software is available via FTP.  If you
        don't have FTP, see "How to find sources" in news.answers, and
        the Linux FAQ.

From: Lars.Wirzenius@helsinki.fi (Lars Wirzenius)
Crossposted-To: news.answers
Subject: META-FAQ: Linux sources of information
Date: 15 Nov 92 22:00:05 GMT
Reply-To: Lars.Wirzenius@helsinki.fi

Archive-name: linux-faq/meta-faq
Last-modified: 1992-11-01

This is the Meta-FAQ for Linux.  It is mainly a list of valuable sources of
information.  Check them out if you want to learn more about Linux, or have
problems and need help.  The Meta-FAQ is posted every Monday.  Mail to
Lars.Wirzenius@helsinki.fi if you have comments about the Meta-FAQ itself.

NOTE: Filenames in this article are for the tsx-11 ftp site (see below for
full address and more sites).  Files are usually located in similar places on
other sites.  The names are relative to the Linux directory on tsx-11.

What is Linux?
   Linux is a clone of the UNIX operating system that has been written
   entirely from scratch.  It has no proprietary code in it.  Linux is freely
   distributable under the GNU Public License.  It only works on IBM PC
   compatibles with an ISA or EISA bus and a 386 or compatible.  See the FAQ
   for more exact hardware requirements.  The Linux kernel is written by Linus
   Torvalds (torvalds@kruuna.helsinki.fi) from Finland.  Most of the programs
   running under Linux are generic Unix freeware, much of it comes from GNU.

The Linux FAQ 
   A collection of common problems and their solutions.  Answers many
   questions faster than the net.  Stored on many Linux ftp sites
   (docs/FAQ) and pit-manager.mit.edu, the general archive site for
   all FAQs.

Getting Linux I: Linux FTP sites

   textual name                            numeric addr    Linux directory

   tsx-11.mit.edu                          18.172.1.2      /pub/linux
   sunsite.unc.edu                         152.2.22.81     /pub/Linux
   nic.funet.fi                            128.214.6.100   /pub/OS/Linux
   ftp.mcc.ac.uk                           130.88.200.7    /pub/linux
   fgb1.fgb.mw.tu-muenchen.de              129.187.200.1   /pub/linux
   ftp.informatik.tu-muenchen.de           131.159.0.110   /pub/Linux
   ftp.dfv.rwth-aachen.de                  137.226.4.105   /pub/linux
   ftp.informatik.rwth-aachen.de           137.226.112.172 /pub/Linux
   kirk.bu.oz.au                           131.244.1.1     /pub/OS/Linux
   utsun.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp                   133.11.11.11    /misc/linux
   ftp.uu.net                              137.39.1.9      /packages/linux
   wuarchive.wustl.edu                     128.252.135.4   mirrors/linux
   ftp.win.tue.nl                          131.155.70.100  /pub/linux
        
   tsx-11 and fgb1 are the official sites for Linux' GCC.  ftp.mcc is home of
   the MCC interim release.  Some sites mirror other sites.  Please use the
   site closest (network-wise) to you.

Getting Linux II: Linux on BBS's
   Zane Healy posts (around the beginning and middle of the month) a list of
   BBS's that have Linux available for download.  Try them if you can't FTP.

Getting Linux III: Linux floppy distributors
   Linux is distributed on floppies by at least Softlanding Software (910
   Lodge Ave, Victoria, B.C, Canada, V8X-3A8, (603) 360-0188) for USD
   3.25/disk.  This is exactly the same SLS distribution that is available via
   FTP (see below).  The diskette distribution is mostly meant for people who
   can't FTP.  [If you know of other distributors, send me a note!]

Linux distributions (aka "releases")
   Linux is distributed by its author only as a kernel.  Other people
   have put together "distributions" that can be used.

   Jim Winstead and H.J. Lu maintain the boot and root disks.  These
   two form more or less the "official" release.  It is fully
   functional, but only has the bare essentials.  The filenames are:
   images/bootimage-xxx.Z and images/rootimage-xxx.Z (xxx stands for
   the version number).

   MCC and SLS are more complete systems that contain most of what is needed
   for normal use.  MCC is older, SLS includes X.  These are what a new user
   probably should start with (either one).  They aren't updated every week,
   but that shouldn't be a problem if you're only intersted in using the
   system.  (Hackers will figure out what to do anyway.)  SLS is in directory
   packages/SLS on tsx-11; MCC can be found in directory mcc-interim on
   ftp.mcc.ac.uk (it is not on tsx-11).

   HJ Lu (the Linux GCC maintainer) also has a set of another set of
   disks, including a combined boot and rootdisk, and some additional
   disks with more programs.  This package assumes you are already
   familiar with Linux, and at least some of it may be incorporated to
   the work of Jim Winstead.  See directories GCC/rootdisk and
   GCC/basedisk on tsx-11.

Linux mailing-lists
   Used mostly for discussion between developers of new features and testers
   of pre-release versions.  See addresses in the FAQ.

Linux News -- summaries of annoucements
   A weekly summary of announcements of new programs and other
   interesting news.  Edited by Lars Wirzenius (same as this
   Meta-FAQ).  Posted to comp.os.linux and the LINUXNEWS channel on
   the linux-activists mailing list (see the FAQ for info on joining
   mailing lists).  Intended for people who don't have time or energy
   to sift through the high volume of comp.os.linux.

Other newsgroups: comp.unix.{questions,shell,programming,bsd,admin}
   Use these for Unix questions that are not directly Linux-related.  If you
   use Linux, it may be a good idea to read these as well.

Documentation for various programs
   Many programs come with some sort of documentation, often in a file called
   README or something similar.  It is a VERY good idea to read them with
   care.  It is boring to see (_and_ answer) questions that are answered in
   the documentation.

Keeping track of current releases
   New releases, programs, and ports are usually announced in comp.os.linux.
   finger torvalds@klaava.helsinki.fi to get some information about the
   current kernel (often long!).  See also the next item.

The Linux Project Registry
   Maintained by James Callison, a list of "who is doing what".  See the list
   itself for mail addresses.  Posted every two weeks to comp.os.linux.
   Contains information about the current status for included projects.

From: Lars.Wirzenius@helsinki.fi (Lars Wirzenius)
Crossposted-To: news.answers
Subject: META-FAQ: Linux sources of information
Date: 22 Nov 92 22:00:06 GMT
Reply-To: Lars.Wirzenius@helsinki.fi

Archive-name: linux-faq/meta-faq
Last-modified: 1992-11-21

This is the Meta-FAQ for Linux.  It is mainly a list of valuable sources of
information.  Check them out if you want to learn more about Linux, or have
problems and need help.  The Meta-FAQ is posted every Monday.  Mail to
Lars.Wirzenius@helsinki.fi if you have comments about the Meta-FAQ itself.

NOTE: Filenames in this article are for the tsx-11 ftp site (see below for
full address and more sites).  Files are usually located in similar places on
other sites.  The names are relative to the Linux directory on tsx-11.

What is Linux?
   Linux is a clone of the UNIX operating system that has been written
   entirely from scratch.  It has no proprietary code in it.  Linux is freely
   distributable under the GNU Public License.  It only works on IBM PC
   compatibles with an ISA or EISA bus and a 386 or compatible.  See the FAQ
   for more exact hardware requirements.  The Linux kernel is written by Linus
   Torvalds (torvalds@kruuna.helsinki.fi) from Finland.  Most of the programs
   running under Linux are generic Unix freeware, much of it comes from GNU.

The Linux FAQ 
   A collection of common problems and their solutions.  Answers many
   questions faster than the net.  Stored on many Linux ftp sites
   (docs/FAQ) and pit-manager.mit.edu, the general archive site for
   all FAQs.

Getting Linux I: Linux FTP sites

   textual name                            numeric addr    Linux directory

   tsx-11.mit.edu                          18.172.1.2      /pub/linux
   sunsite.unc.edu                         152.2.22.81     /pub/Linux
   nic.funet.fi                            128.214.6.100   /pub/OS/Linux
   ftp.mcc.ac.uk                           130.88.200.7    /pub/linux
   fgb1.fgb.mw.tu-muenchen.de              129.187.200.1   /pub/linux
   ftp.informatik.tu-muenchen.de           131.159.0.110   /pub/Linux
   ftp.dfv.rwth-aachen.de                  137.226.4.105   /pub/linux
   ftp.informatik.rwth-aachen.de           137.226.112.172 /pub/Linux
   kirk.bu.oz.au                           131.244.1.1     /pub/OS/Linux
   utsun.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp                   133.11.11.11    /misc/linux
   ftp.uu.net                              137.39.1.9      /packages/linux
   wuarchive.wustl.edu                     128.252.135.4   mirrors/linux
   ftp.win.tue.nl                          131.155.70.100  /pub/linux
   ftp.stack.urc.tue.nl                    131.155.2.71    /pub/linux
        
   tsx-11 and fgb1 are the official sites for Linux' GCC.  ftp.mcc is home of
   the MCC interim release.  Some sites mirror other sites.  Please use the
   site closest (network-wise) to you.

Getting Linux II: Linux on BBS's
   Zane Healy posts (around the beginning and middle of the month) a list of
   BBS's that have Linux available for download.  Try them if you can't FTP.

Getting Linux III: Linux floppy distributors
   Linux is distributed on floppies by at least Softlanding Software (910
   Lodge Ave, Victoria, B.C, Canada, V8X-3A8, (603) 360-0188) for USD
   3.25/disk.  This is exactly the same SLS distribution that is available via
   FTP (see below).  The diskette distribution is mostly meant for people who
   can't FTP.  

   Marco Scheibe (e-mail address mykee@cs.tu-berlin.de) will copy Linux (the
   complete SLS distribution, including X, possibly other things as well) for
   you, if you send him diskettes and return postage.  Contact him via e-mail
   first.

   If you know of other distributors, send me a note!

Getting Linux IV: Commercial networks
   GEnie mirrors most of tsx-11 and sunsite (including SLS).  Rumor has it
   that CompuServe also has some Linux archives [confirmation welcome].

Getting Linux V: Mailservers and such
   The trickle server TRICKLE@AWIWUW11.BITNET, aka TRICKLE@AWIWUW11.EARN, aka
   TRICKLE@AWIWUW11.wu-wien.ac.at, send mail to one of these addresses with a
   body consisting of /HELP.

Linux distributions (aka "releases")
   Linux is distributed by its author only as a kernel.  Other people
   have put together "distributions" that can be used.

   Jim Winstead and H.J. Lu maintain the boot and root disks.  These
   two form more or less the "official" release.  It is fully
   functional, but only has the bare essentials.  The filenames are:
   images/bootimage-xxx.Z and images/rootimage-xxx.Z (xxx stands for
   the version number).

   MCC and SLS are more complete systems that contain most of what is needed
   for normal use.  MCC is older, SLS includes X.  These are what a new user
   probably should start with (either one).  They aren't updated every week,
   but that shouldn't be a problem if you're only intersted in using the
   system.  (Hackers will figure out what to do anyway.)  SLS is in directory
   packages/SLS on tsx-11; MCC can be found in directory mcc-interim on
   ftp.mcc.ac.uk (it is not on tsx-11).

   HJ Lu (the Linux GCC maintainer) also has another set of disks,
   including a combined boot and rootdisk, and some additional disks
   with more programs.  This package assumes you are already familiar
   with Linux, and at least some of it may be incorporated to the work
   of Jim Winstead.  See directories GCC/rootdisk and GCC/basedisk on
   tsx-11.

Linux mailing-lists
   Used mostly for discussion between developers of new features and testers
   of pre-release versions.  See addresses in the FAQ.

Linux News -- summaries of annoucements
   A weekly summary of announcements of new programs and other interesting
   news.  Edited by Lars Wirzenius (same as this Meta-FAQ).  Posted to
   comp.os.linux and the LINUXNEWS channel on the linux-activists mailing list
   (see the FAQ for info on joining mailing lists).  It is also available via
   GEnie.  Intended for people who don't have time or energy to sift through
   the high volume of comp.os.linux.

Other newsgroups: comp.unix.{questions,shell,programming,bsd,admin}
   Use these for Unix questions that are not directly Linux-related.  If you
   use Linux, it may be a good idea to read these as well.

Documentation for various programs
   Many programs come with some sort of documentation, often in a file called
   README or something similar.  It is a VERY good idea to read them with
   care.  It is boring to see (_and_ answer) questions that are answered in
   the documentation.

Keeping track of current releases
   New releases, programs, and ports are usually announced in comp.os.linux.
   finger torvalds@klaava.helsinki.fi to get some information about the
   current kernel (often long!).  See also the next item.

The Linux Project Registry
   Maintained by James Callison, a list of "who is doing what".  See the list
   itself for mail addresses.  Posted every two weeks to comp.os.linux.
   Contains information about the current status for included projects.

Crossposted-To: news.answers
From: Lars.Wirzenius@helsinki.fi (Lars Wirzenius)
Subject: META-FAQ: Linux sources of information
Reply-To: Lars.Wirzenius@helsinki.fi
Date: Sun, 13 Dec 1992 22:00:13 GMT

Archive-name: linux-faq/meta-faq
Last-modified: 1992-11-27

This is the Meta-FAQ for Linux.  It is mainly a list of valuable sources of
information.  Check them out if you want to learn more about Linux, or have
problems and need help.  The Meta-FAQ is posted every Monday.  Mail to
Lars.Wirzenius@helsinki.fi if you have comments about the Meta-FAQ itself.

NOTE: Filenames in this article are for the tsx-11 ftp site (see below for
full address and more sites).  Files are usually located in similar places on
other sites.  The names are relative to the Linux directory on tsx-11.

What is Linux?
   Linux is a clone of the UNIX operating system that has been written
   entirely from scratch.  It has no proprietary code in it.  Linux is freely
   distributable under the GNU Public License.  It only works on IBM PC
   compatibles with an ISA or EISA bus and a 386 or compatible.  See the FAQ
   for more exact hardware requirements.  The Linux kernel is written by Linus
   Torvalds (torvalds@kruuna.helsinki.fi) from Finland.  Most of the programs
   running under Linux are generic Unix freeware, much of it comes from GNU.

The Linux FAQ 
   A collection of common problems and their solutions.  Answers many
   questions faster than the net.  Stored on many Linux ftp sites
   (docs/FAQ) and pit-manager.mit.edu, the general archive site for
   all FAQs.  The latest version was posted 1992-11-25.

Getting Linux I: Linux FTP sites

   textual name                            numeric addr    Linux directory

   tsx-11.mit.edu                          18.172.1.2      /pub/linux
   sunsite.unc.edu                         152.2.22.81     /pub/Linux
   nic.funet.fi                            128.214.6.100   /pub/OS/Linux
   ftp.mcc.ac.uk                           130.88.200.7    /pub/linux
   fgb1.fgb.mw.tu-muenchen.de              129.187.200.1   /pub/linux
   ftp.informatik.tu-muenchen.de           131.159.0.110   /pub/Linux
   ftp.dfv.rwth-aachen.de                  137.226.4.105   /pub/linux
   ftp.informatik.rwth-aachen.de           137.226.112.172 /pub/Linux
   kirk.bu.oz.au                           131.244.1.1     /pub/OS/Linux
   utsun.s.u-tokyo.ac.jp                   133.11.11.11    /misc/linux
   ftp.uu.net                              137.39.1.9      /packages/linux
   wuarchive.wustl.edu                     128.252.135.4   mirrors/linux
   ftp.win.tue.nl                          131.155.70.100  /pub/linux
   ftp.stack.urc.tue.nl                    131.155.2.71    /pub/linux
        
   tsx-11 and fgb1 are the official sites for Linux' GCC.  ftp.mcc is home of
   the MCC interim release.  Some sites mirror other sites.  Please use the
   site closest (network-wise) to you.

Getting Linux II: Linux on BBS's
   Zane Healy posts (around the beginning and middle of the month) a list of
   BBS's that have Linux available for download.  Try them if you can't FTP.

Getting Linux III: Linux floppy (and other media) distributors
   Linux is distributed on floppies by at least Softlanding Software (910
   Lodge Ave, Victoria, B.C, Canada, V8X-3A8, (604) 360-0188) for USD
   3.25/disk.  This is exactly the same SLS distribution that is available via
   FTP (see below).  The diskette distribution is mostly meant for people who
   can't FTP.  

   Marco Scheibe (mykee@cs.tu-berlin.de), Klaus Weidner
   (klaus@snarc.gold.sub.org) and Gert Doering (gert@greenie.gold.sub.org)
   will copy Linux (the complete SLS distribution, including X, possibly other
   things as well) for you, if you send him diskettes and return postage.
   Contact them via e-mail first.

   Yggdrasil Computing is producing a CD-ROM with Linux.  Currently an alpha
   version is available (alpha referring to the fact that the contents are
   still evolving; there will be at least one beta before final release).
   This is a completely new distribution, not SLS.  A complete listing of
   files is available via FTP from netcom.com in directory ~ftp/pub/yggdrasil.
   There is also a manual and other information there.  Contact
   yggdrasil@netcom.com or call (510)526-7531, 9am-5:30pm, California time.

   If you know of other distributors, send me a note!

Getting Linux IV: Commercial networks
   GEnie mirrors most of tsx-11 and sunsite (including SLS).  Rumor has it
   that CompuServe also has some Linux archives [confirmation welcome].

Getting Linux V: Mailservers and such
   The trickle server TRICKLE@AWIWUW11.BITNET, aka TRICKLE@AWIWUW11.EARN, aka
   TRICKLE@AWIWUW11.wu-wien.ac.at, send mail to one of these addresses with a
   body consisting of /HELP.

Linux distributions (aka "releases")
   Linux is distributed by its author only as a kernel.  Other people
   have put together "distributions" that can be used.

   Jim Winstead and H.J. Lu maintain the boot and root disks.  These
   two form more or less the "official" release.  It is fully
   functional, but only has the bare essentials.  The filenames are:
   images/bootimage-xxx.Z and images/rootimage-xxx.Z (xxx stands for
   the version number).

   MCC and SLS are more complete systems that contain most of what is needed
   for normal use.  MCC is older, SLS includes X.  These are what a new user
   probably should start with (either one).  They aren't updated every week,
   but that shouldn't be a problem if you're only intersted in using the
   system.  (Hackers will figure out what to do anyway.)  SLS is in directory
   packages/SLS on tsx-11; MCC can be found in directory mcc-interim on
   ftp.mcc.ac.uk (it is not on tsx-11).

   HJ Lu (the Linux GCC maintainer) also has another set of disks,
   including a combined boot and rootdisk, and some additional disks
   with more programs.  This package assumes you are already familiar
   with Linux, and at least some of it may be incorporated to the work
   of Jim Winstead.  See directories GCC/rootdisk and GCC/basedisk on
   tsx-11.

Linux mailing-lists
   Used mostly for discussion between developers of new features and testers
   of pre-release versions.  See addresses in the FAQ.

Linux News -- summaries of annoucements
   A weekly summary of announcements of new programs and other interesting
   news.  Edited by Lars Wirzenius (same as this Meta-FAQ).  Posted to
   comp.os.linux and the LINUXNEWS channel on the linux-activists mailing list
   (see the FAQ for info on joining mailing lists).  It is also available via
   GEnie.  Intended for people who don't have time or energy to sift through
   the high volume of comp.os.linux.

Other newsgroups: comp.unix.{questions,shell,programming,bsd,admin}
   Use these for Unix questions that are not directly Linux-related.  If you
   use Linux, it may be a good idea to read these as well.

Documentation for various programs
   Many programs come with some sort of documentation, often in a file called
   README or something similar.  It is a VERY good idea to read them with
   care.  It is boring to see (_and_ answer) questions that are answered in
   the documentation.

Keeping track of current releases
   New releases, programs, and ports are usually announced in comp.os.linux.
   finger torvalds@klaava.helsinki.fi to get some information about the
   current kernel (often long!).  See also the next item.

The Linux Project Registry
   Maintained by James Callison, a list of "who is doing what".  See the list
   itself for mail addresses.  Posted every two weeks to comp.os.linux.
   Contains information about the current status for included projects.

Legalese
   Trademarks are owned by their owners.  Satisfaction not guaranteed.
   No warranties about this document.

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