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From sipan@mit.edu
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From: "Sergey I. Panov" <sipan@mit.edu>
Message-Id: <199804081822.OAA03540@rwf.lms.mit.edu>
Subject: The KDE Free Qt Foundation (fwd)
To: gnome-list@gnome.org (GNOME)
Date: Wed, 8 Apr 1998 14:22:20 -0400 (EDT)
Content-Type: text

It looks like ice is breaking. It is definitely not what "we" wish
would happend, but a step in the right direction.

Forwarded message:
> From owner-qt-interest@troll.no  Wed Apr  8 13:41:58 1998
> Sender: owner-qt-interest@troll.no
> Precedence: list
> X-Loop: qt-interest
> Content-Type: text/plain; charset=us-ascii
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> Message-Id: <XFMail.980408133230.wuebben@math.cornell.edu>
> Date: Wed, 08 Apr 1998 13:33:18 -0400 (EDT)
> Organization: Cornell University
> From: Bernd Johannes Wuebben <wuebben@math.cornell.edu>
> To: qt-interest@troll.no
> Subject: The KDE Free Qt Foundation
> 
>                        The KDE Free Qt Foundation
> 
> 
>   The  KDE  project and Troll Tech AS, the creators of Qt, are pleased
>   to announce the founding of the 'KDE Free Qt Foundation'.
> 
>   The purpose of this foundation is to guarantee the  availability  of
>   Qt for free software development now and in the future.
> 
>   The  foundation  will  control the rights to the Qt Free Edition and
>   ensure that current and future releases of Qt will be available  for
>   free  software  development at all times. All changes to the Qt Free
>   Edition license will have to be approved by the KDE Free Qt  Founda-
>   tion  which  will consist of two members of Troll Tech AS as well as
>   two members of the KDE project. One of the  representatives  of  the
>   KDE project will have a double vote to be used in case of a tie.
> 
>   Should  Troll Tech ever discontinue the Qt Free Edition for any rea-
>   son including, but not limited to, a buy-out of Troll Tech, a merger
>   or  bankruptcy,  the  latest  version of the Qt Free Edition will be
>   released under the BSD license.
> 
>   Furthermore, should Troll Tech cease continued development of Qt, as
>   assessed  by  a  majority  of  the  KDE  Free Qt Foundation, and not
>   release a new version at least every 12 months, the  Foundation  has
>   the right to release the Qt Free Edition under the BSD License.
> 
>   At  this  point  lawyers are working on the details  of  the  agree-
>   ment.  Troll Tech and the KDE project expect to be able to sign  the
>   necessary documents within a few weeks.
> 
>   We  believe  the  founding  of  the  KDE Free Qt Foundation to be an
>   unprecedented ground-breaking step, ushering in a new era  of  soft-
>   ware development, allowing the KDE project, the free software commu-
>   nity, all free software developers as well  as  commercial  software
>   developers to prosper in a mutually supportive fashion.
> 
> 
>   Bernd Johannes Wuebben         Eirik Eng
>   The KDE Project                Troll Tech CEO
>   wuebben@kde.org                Eirik.Eng@troll.no
> 
> -- 
> List archive and information: http://www.troll.no/qt-interest/
> 

From atai@ece.ucsd.edu
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From: atai@ece.ucsd.edu (Andy Tai)
Message-Id: <199804081836.LAA09720@vision.ucsd.edu>
Subject: Re: The KDE Free Qt Foundation (fwd)
To: qt-interest@troll.no
Date: Wed, 8 Apr 1998 11:36:53 -0700 (PDT)
Cc: gnome-list@gnome.org
In-Reply-To: <199804081822.OAA03540@rwf.lms.mit.edu> from "Sergey I. Panov" 
at Apr 8, 98 02:22:20 pm
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> > 
> >                        The KDE Free Qt Foundation
> > 
> >   Should  Troll Tech ever discontinue the Qt Free Edition for any rea-
> >   son including, but not limited to, a buy-out of Troll Tech, a merger
> >   or  bankruptcy,  the  latest  version of the Qt Free Edition will be
> >   released under the BSD license.
> > 
> >   Furthermore, should Troll Tech cease continued development of Qt, as
> >   assessed  by  a  majority  of  the  KDE  Free Qt Foundation, and not
> >   release a new version at least every 12 months, the  Foundation  has
> >   the right to release the Qt Free Edition under the BSD License.

Under the BSD license?   That will kill KDE since one cannot link BSD code 
with GPLed code, and KDE itself is GPLed.   They should use LGPL instead.  What are 
they thinking?  Also the BSD license will kill Troll's commerical products 
too, since people won't pay if they can use the BSD version in any commerical 
products.   Troll Tech should reconsider the choice of the BSD license.  



-- 
Li-Cheng Tai (Andy Tai)                       e-mail: atai@ece.ucsd.edu

Free software:  the software by the people, of the people and for the people,
worldwide.  Develop! Share! Enhance! And enjoy!

From ralsina@unl.edu.ar
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From: Roberto Alsina <ralsina@unl.edu.ar>
To: Andy Tai <atai@ece.ucsd.edu>
cc: qt-interest@troll.no, gnome-list@gnome.org
Subject: Re: The KDE Free Qt Foundation (fwd)
In-Reply-To: <199804081836.LAA09720@vision.ucsd.edu>
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On Wed, 8 Apr 1998, Andy Tai wrote:

> > > 
> > >                        The KDE Free Qt Foundation
> > > 
> > >   Should  Troll Tech ever discontinue the Qt Free Edition for any rea-
> > >   son including, but not limited to, a buy-out of Troll Tech, a merger
> > >   or  bankruptcy,  the  latest  version of the Qt Free Edition will be
> > >   released under the BSD license.
> > > 
> > >   Furthermore, should Troll Tech cease continued development of Qt, as
> > >   assessed  by  a  majority  of  the  KDE  Free Qt Foundation, and not
> > >   release a new version at least every 12 months, the  Foundation  has
> > >   the right to release the Qt Free Edition under the BSD License.
> 
> Under the BSD license?   That will kill KDE since one cannot link BSD code 
> with GPLed code, and KDE itself is GPLed.   They should use LGPL instead.  What are 
> they thinking?  Also the BSD license will kill Troll's commerical products 
> too, since people won't pay if they can use the BSD version in any commerical 
> products.   Troll Tech should reconsider the choice of the BSD license.  

You can if you use a BSD license without the publicity requirement.
The linux kernel contains BSD licensed code, you know...

 ("\''/").__..-''"`-. .         Roberto Alsina
 `9_ 9  )   `-. (    ).`-._.`)  ralsina@unl.edu.ar
 (_Y_.)' ._   ) `._`.  " -.-'   Centro de Telematica
  _..`-'_..-_/ /-'_.'           Universidad Nacional del Litoral
(l)-'' ((i).' ((!.'             Santa Fe - Argentina
                                KDE Developer (MFCH)
"I can attempt anything, specialization is for insects" (50% Heinlein).

From mark@crle.uoguelph.ca
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Date: Wed, 8 Apr 1998 22:32:37 -0400
From: Mark Mayo <mark@crle.uoguelph.ca>
To: Andy Tai <atai@ece.ucsd.edu>
Cc: qt-interest@troll.no, gnome-list@gnome.org
Subject: Re: The KDE Free Qt Foundation (fwd)
References: <199804081822.OAA03540@rwf.lms.mit.edu> 
<199804081836.LAA09720@vision.ucsd.edu>
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On Wed, Apr 08, 1998 at 11:36:53AM -0700, Andy Tai wrote:
> > > 
> > >                        The KDE Free Qt Foundation
> > > 
> > >   Should  Troll Tech ever discontinue the Qt Free Edition for any rea-
> > >   son including, but not limited to, a buy-out of Troll Tech, a merger
> > >   or  bankruptcy,  the  latest  version of the Qt Free Edition will be
> > >   released under the BSD license.
> > > 
> > >   Furthermore, should Troll Tech cease continued development of Qt, as
> > >   assessed  by  a  majority  of  the  KDE  Free Qt Foundation, and not
> > >   release a new version at least every 12 months, the  Foundation  has
> > >   the right to release the Qt Free Edition under the BSD License.
> 
> Under the BSD license?   That will kill KDE since one cannot link BSD code 
> with GPLed code, and KDE itself is GPLed.   They should use LGPL instead.  What are 
> they thinking?  Also the BSD license will kill Troll's commerical products 
> too, since people won't pay if they can use the BSD version in any commerical 
> products.   Troll Tech should reconsider the choice of the BSD license.  

How about you go and read the BSD license before making rediculous
statements like this.... While you're at it why don't you read the
above announcement and consider the circumstances where the BSD
license will apply. You're lack of understanding is staggering..

-Mark

> -- 
> Li-Cheng Tai (Andy Tai)                       e-mail: atai@ece.ucsd.edu
> 
> Free software:  the software by the people, of the people and for the people,
> worldwide.  Develop! Share! Enhance! And enjoy!
> 
> -- 
> List archive and information: http://www.troll.no/qt-interest/

-- 
----------------------------------------------------------------- 
Mark Mayo
mark@crle.uoguelph.ca
Computing Research Lab for the Environment
----------------------------------------------------------------- 
  University degrees are a bit like adultery: you may not want to 
  get involved with that sort of thing, but you don't want to be 
  thought incapable.      -Sir Peter Imbert

From rosalia@cygnus.com
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Date: Thu,  9 Apr 1998 11:05:36 +0200 (CEST)
From: Mark Galassi <rosalia@cygnus.com>
To: Roberto Alsina <ralsina@unl.edu.ar>
Cc: Mark Galassi <rosalia@cygnus.com>, Andy Tai <atai@ece.ucsd.edu>,
        qt-interest@troll.no, gnome-list@gnome.org
Subject: Re: The KDE Free Qt Foundation (fwd)
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    >> So I would say "The linux kernel contains X11-style licensed
    >> code".

    Roberto> Ok with me.  I suggest updating it to "Old style X11
    Roberto> license" tough ;-)

Oh sh**, you're right!  That won't work very well, then: "old-style
X11" and "new style BSD" don't work well.

How about Apache-style?

From ralsina@unl.edu.ar  Thu May 11 23:52:04 2000
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From: Roberto Alsina <ralsina@unl.edu.ar>
To: qt-interest@troll.no
cc: gnome-list@gnome.org
Subject: Re: The KDE Free Qt Foundation (fwd)
In-Reply-To: <13612.36617.170420.477994@guest1.cygnus.co.uk>
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On Thu, 9 Apr 1998, Mark Galassi wrote:

> 
>     >> So I would say "The linux kernel contains X11-style licensed
>     >> code".
> 
>     Roberto> Ok with me.  I suggest updating it to "Old style X11
>     Roberto> license" tough ;-)
> 
> Oh sh**, you're right!  That won't work very well, then: "old-style
> X11" and "new style BSD" don't work well.
> 
> How about Apache-style?

I must confess not having read Apache's license. (I use Roxen, which is GPL)

 ("\''/").__..-''"`-. .         Roberto Alsina
 `9_ 9  )   `-. (    ).`-._.`)  ralsina@unl.edu.ar
 (_Y_.)' ._   ) `._`.  " -.-'   Centro de Telematica
  _..`-'_..-_/ /-'_.'           Universidad Nacional del Litoral
(l)-'' ((i).' ((!.'             Santa Fe - Argentina
                                KDE Developer (MFCH)
"I can attempt anything, specialization is for insects" (50% Heinlein).

From emily@cornholio.new.ox.ac.uk
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Date: Thu, 9 Apr 1998 10:37:24 +0100 (BST)
From: Joel Dillon <emily@cornholio.new.ox.ac.uk>
To: "Sergey I. Panov" <sipan@mit.edu>
cc: GNOME <gnome-list@gnome.org>
Subject: Re: The KDE Free Qt Foundation (fwd)
In-Reply-To: <199804081822.OAA03540@rwf.lms.mit.edu>
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Shows we (the free Qt /Harmony project) are doing some good. I think
this is in response to a thread on kde-licensing which showed the
trolls we're serious about cloning Qt.

On Wed, 8 Apr 1998, Sergey I. Panov wrote:

> It looks like ice is breaking. It is definitely not what "we" wish
> would happend, but a step in the right direction.
> 
> Forwarded message:
> > From owner-qt-interest@troll.no  Wed Apr  8 13:41:58 1998
> > Sender: owner-qt-interest@troll.no
> > Precedence: list
> > X-Loop: qt-interest
> > Content-Type: text/plain; charset=us-ascii
> > Content-Transfer-Encoding: 8bit
> > Mime-Version: 1.0
> > Message-Id: <XFMail.980408133230.wuebben@math.cornell.edu>
> > Date: Wed, 08 Apr 1998 13:33:18 -0400 (EDT)
> > Organization: Cornell University
> > From: Bernd Johannes Wuebben <wuebben@math.cornell.edu>
> > To: qt-interest@troll.no
> > Subject: The KDE Free Qt Foundation
> > 
> >                        The KDE Free Qt Foundation
> > 
> > 
> >   The  KDE  project and Troll Tech AS, the creators of Qt, are pleased
> >   to announce the founding of the 'KDE Free Qt Foundation'.
> > 
> >   The purpose of this foundation is to guarantee the  availability  of
> >   Qt for free software development now and in the future.
> > 
> >   The  foundation  will  control the rights to the Qt Free Edition and
> >   ensure that current and future releases of Qt will be available  for
> >   free  software  development at all times. All changes to the Qt Free
> >   Edition license will have to be approved by the KDE Free Qt  Founda-
> >   tion  which  will consist of two members of Troll Tech AS as well as
> >   two members of the KDE project. One of the  representatives  of  the
> >   KDE project will have a double vote to be used in case of a tie.
> > 
> >   Should  Troll Tech ever discontinue the Qt Free Edition for any rea-
> >   son including, but not limited to, a buy-out of Troll Tech, a merger
> >   or  bankruptcy,  the  latest  version of the Qt Free Edition will be
> >   released under the BSD license.
> > 
> >   Furthermore, should Troll Tech cease continued development of Qt, as
> >   assessed  by  a  majority  of  the  KDE  Free Qt Foundation, and not
> >   release a new version at least every 12 months, the  Foundation  has
> >   the right to release the Qt Free Edition under the BSD License.
> > 
> >   At  this  point  lawyers are working on the details  of  the  agree-
> >   ment.  Troll Tech and the KDE project expect to be able to sign  the
> >   necessary documents within a few weeks.
> > 
> >   We  believe  the  founding  of  the  KDE Free Qt Foundation to be an
> >   unprecedented ground-breaking step, ushering in a new era  of  soft-
> >   ware development, allowing the KDE project, the free software commu-
> >   nity, all free software developers as well  as  commercial  software
> >   developers to prosper in a mutually supportive fashion.
> > 
> > 
> >   Bernd Johannes Wuebben         Eirik Eng
> >   The KDE Project                Troll Tech CEO
> >   wuebben@kde.org                Eirik.Eng@troll.no
> > 
> > -- 
> > List archive and information: http://www.troll.no/qt-interest/
> > 
> 
> 
> -- 
>          To unsubscribe: mail gnome-list-request@gnome.org with 
>                        "unsubscribe" as the Subject.
> 

From ssk@physics.unimelb.EDU.AU
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From: Sirtaj Singh Kang <ssk@physics.unimelb.EDU.AU>
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To: Joel Dillon <emily@cornholio.new.ox.ac.uk>
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Subject: Re: The KDE Free Qt Foundation (fwd)
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On Thu, 9 Apr 1998, Joel Dillon wrote:
[snip]
> Shows we (the free Qt /Harmony project) are doing some good. I think
> this is in response to a thread on kde-licensing which showed the
> trolls we're serious about cloning Qt.

This has been in the works for more than 6 months, around the time of KDE
One at Arnsberg. We didn't want to announce it prematurely since there was
a LOT of legal paperwork etc to be done first if we wanted to get it
right. 

-Taj.

Sirtaj S. Kang       taj@kde.org         ssk@physics.unimelb.edu.au
School of Physics    Univ of Melbourne   The KDE is KNOT a Window Manager.

From nelson@crynwr.com
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Subject: Re: The KDE Free Qt Foundation (fwd)
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	<Pine.LNX.3.95.980409103608.13454A-100000@cornholio.new.ox.ac.uk>
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Joel Dillon writes:
 > Shows we (the free Qt /Harmony project) are doing some good. I think
 > this is in response to a thread on kde-licensing which showed the
 > trolls we're serious about cloning Qt.

It costs them nothing, and gains users no freedom, as long as they
stay in business.

-- 
-russ <nelson@crynwr.com>  http://web.crynwr.com/~nelson
Crynwr supports Open Source(tm) Software| PGPok |   Freedom is the primary
521 Pleasant Valley Rd. | +1 315 268 1925 voice |   cause of Peace, Love,
Potsdam, NY 13676-3213  | +1 315 268 9201 FAX   |   Truth and Justice.

From agulbra@troll.no
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To: Sirtaj Singh Kang <ssk@physics.unimelb.EDU.AU>
Cc: Joel Dillon <emily@cornholio.new.ox.ac.uk>, GNOME <gnome-list@gnome.org>
Subject: Re: The KDE Free Qt Foundation (fwd)
References: <Pine.LNX.3.95.980409194814.32431A-100000@lift.ph.unimelb.edu.au>
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From: Arnt Gulbrandsen <agulbra@troll.no>
Date: 09 Apr 1998 13:25:44 +0200
In-Reply-To: Sirtaj Singh Kang's message of "Thu, 9 Apr 1998 19:52:00 +1000 (EST)"
Message-ID: <m3zphvi6dj.fsf@lupinella.troll.no>
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Sirtaj Singh Kang <ssk@physics.unimelb.EDU.AU>
> On Thu, 9 Apr 1998, Joel Dillon wrote:
> [snip]
> > Shows we (the free Qt /Harmony project) are doing some good. I think
> > this is in response to a thread on kde-licensing which showed the
> > trolls we're serious about cloning Qt.
> 
> This has been in the works for more than 6 months, around the time of KDE
> One at Arnsberg.

You can put is stronger than "more than 6 months".  Haavard promised
some of the Germans that we'd work something out at the linux congress
in Würzburg last year.  I don't remember exactly when that was, but
you can find out easily.

--Arnt

From agulbra@troll.no
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To: Russell Nelson <nelson@crynwr.com>
Cc: GNOME <gnome-list@gnome.org>
Subject: Re: The KDE Free Qt Foundation (fwd)
References: <199804081822.OAA03540@rwf.lms.mit.edu> 
<Pine.LNX.3.95.980409103608.13454A-100000@cornholio.new.ox.ac.uk> 
<19980409112053.10098.qmail@desk.crynwr.com>
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From: Arnt Gulbrandsen <agulbra@troll.no>
Date: 09 Apr 1998 13:27:08 +0200
In-Reply-To: Russell Nelson's message of "9 Apr 1998 11:20:53 -0000"
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Russell Nelson <nelson@crynwr.com>
> It costs them nothing, and gains users no freedom, as long as they
> stay in business.

Exactly.

(Apart from the minor matter of lawers' fees and so on.)

--Arnt

From emily@cornholio.new.ox.ac.uk
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Date: Thu, 9 Apr 1998 13:15:45 +0100 (BST)
From: Joel Dillon <emily@cornholio.new.ox.ac.uk>
To: Russell Nelson <nelson@crynwr.com>
cc: GNOME <gnome-list@gnome.org>
Subject: Re: The KDE Free Qt Foundation (fwd)
In-Reply-To: <19980409112053.10098.qmail@desk.crynwr.com>
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On 9 Apr 1998, Russell Nelson wrote:

> Joel Dillon writes:
>  > Shows we (the free Qt /Harmony project) are doing some good. I think
>  > this is in response to a thread on kde-licensing which showed the
>  > trolls we're serious about cloning Qt.
> 
> It costs them nothing, and gains users no freedom, as long as they
> stay in business.

  True. The point is that if/when they go out of business, Qt won't
disappear or be bought by a more hostile commercial company. Which
is an improvement, even if a distinctly minor one.

	Jo

From miguel@nuclecu.unam.mx
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Date: Thu, 9 Apr 1998 12:45:05 -0500
Message-Id: <199804091745.MAA32184@athena.nuclecu.unam.mx>
From: Miguel de Icaza <miguel@nuclecu.unam.mx>
To: mark@crle.uoguelph.ca
CC: atai@ece.ucsd.edu, qt-interest@troll.no, gnome-list@gnome.org
In-reply-to: <19980408223237.63907@asbestos.crle.uoguelph.ca> (message from
	Mark Mayo on Wed, 8 Apr 1998 22:32:37 -0400)
Subject: Re: The KDE Free Qt Foundation (fwd)
X-Windows: You'd better sit down.


> > Under the BSD license?  That will kill KDE since one cannot link BSD
> > code with GPLed code, and KDE itself is GPLed.  They should use LGPL
> > instead.  What are they thinking?  Also the BSD license will kill
> > Troll's commerical products too, since people won't pay if they can
> > use the BSD version in any commerical products.  Troll Tech should
> > reconsider the choice of the BSD license.
> 
> How about you go and read the BSD license before making rediculous
> statements like this.... While you're at it why don't you read the
> above announcement and consider the circumstances where the BSD
> license will apply. You're lack of understanding is staggering..

Couple of comments:

	1. You should be nice.
	2. You should not insult other people when you think 
	   you have an idea of what they are commenting. 
	3. You are being particularly annoying.
	4. You are not contributing anything interesting to the
	   debate, you are just flaming.
	
Now, to the content: he is correct and you are wrong.

The GPL license is not compatible with the BSD license.  This is a
long known issue: the reason is that GPL code can not be linked with
code that is under a more restrictive license (and the BSD license is
considered to be more restrictive as it includes the "credit should be
given" clause).

Miguel.

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To: Arnt Gulbrandsen <agulbra@troll.no>
Cc: GNOME <gnome-list@gnome.org>
Subject: Re: The KDE Free Qt Foundation (fwd)
References: <199804081822.OAA03540@rwf.lms.mit.edu> 
<Pine.LNX.3.95.980409103608.13454A-100000@cornholio.new.ox.ac.uk> 
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Arnt Gulbrandsen <agulbra@troll.no> writes:

> Russell Nelson <nelson@crynwr.com>
> > It costs them nothing, and gains users no freedom, as long as they
> > stay in business.
> 
> Exactly.
> 
> (Apart from the minor matter of lawers' fees and so on.)
> 
> --Arnt

Keep up the good work, guys.

My hope is that someday, some large company (with a "real" line of
business) will buy you guys out, and rerelease Qt under the GPL.  Then
we could use it.  :-)

Don't laugh - if you keep pulling stunts like Qtscape - you'll be
regarded as excellent buy-out stuff.  I hope you've got the "For Sale"
sign out front.  :-) 

Until then...

Cheers,

 - Jim

From mark@crle.uoguelph.ca
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	Thu, 9 Apr 1998 14:53:20 -0400 (EDT)
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Date: Thu, 9 Apr 1998 14:53:20 -0400
From: Mark Mayo <mark@crle.uoguelph.ca>
To: Miguel de Icaza <miguel@nuclecu.unam.mx>
Cc: mark@crle.uoguelph.ca, atai@ece.ucsd.edu, qt-interest@troll.no,
        gnome-list@gnome.org
Subject: Re: The KDE Free Qt Foundation (fwd)
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<199804091745.MAA32184@athena.nuclecu.unam.mx>
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from Miguel de Icaza on Thu, Apr 09, 1998 at 12:45:05PM -0500
X-Operating-System: FreeBSD 2.2.6-STABLE i386

On Thu, Apr 09, 1998 at 12:45:05PM -0500, Miguel de Icaza wrote:
> 
> Now, to the content: he is correct and you are wrong.

That depends on how you read the licenses. 

> The GPL license is not compatible with the BSD license.  This is a
> long known issue: the reason is that GPL code can not be linked with
> code that is under a more restrictive license (and the BSD license is
> considered to be more restrictive as it includes the "credit should be
> given" clause).

While the BSD license does state that credit should be given, in many,
many other respects the LGPL license is far more restrictive.
"I know you are but what am I?"  :-)

Obviously, I prefer the BSD license for free software, and you prefer
the GPL license.. However, it's not really worth starting *another*
flame war over this, so I will politely bow out and not contribute anymore
to my original flame.. All the BSD vs. GPL license wars in the past have
amounted to zero progress, and have been nothing more than a big waste
of time...

-Mark

PS. My statement that the original poster look at the conditions where the
Free Qt would become a BSD licensed product still stands... I think that
the circumstance where Troll can no longer produce versions of
Qt would be well matched with the BSD license since it would allow (essentially)
another "Troll" to emerge.. Just my $.02..

> Miguel.

-- 
----------------------------------------------------------------- 
Mark Mayo
mark@crle.uoguelph.ca
Computing Research Lab for the Environment
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  University degrees are a bit like adultery: you may not want to 
  get involved with that sort of thing, but you don't want to be 
  thought incapable.      -Sir Peter Imbert

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