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Subject: v06i043:  X3J11/SVID/4BSD/etc string library (stringlib)
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Date: Tue, 8-Jul-86 17:35:35 EDT
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Posted: Tue Jul  8 17:35:35 1986
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Submitted by: ihnp4!utzoo!henry (Henry Spencer)
Mod.sources: Volume 6, Issue 43
Archive-name: stringlib

[  This is an update of the string library Henry posted to net.sources
   some time ago.  It is different from a recent library published in
   volume 4 in these two respects:
	1. It comes with a fairly exhaustive test program, which it passes.
	2. It does not invent new functions; it implements the union of those
	   described in X3J11, the SVID, etc., and nothing else.
   It would be nice if everyone -- vendors, users -- put the "missing"
   functions into their C library, and we could all live in harmony,
   but I suspect that's wishful thinking.  (Yeah, yeah:  efficiency, too.)
   This is also excempted from my mandatory manpage requirement, for
   reasons mentioned and alluded to in the second paragraph of the README
   file.  --r$ ]

------------------
echo README:
sed 's/^X//' >README <<'!'
XThis is a public-domain reimplementation of string(3) and friends, notably
Xmemory(3) and bstring(3) (except ffs).  Not derived from licensed software.
XThis code may be used on any computer system for any purpose by anyone.
X
XRelative to my old net.sources posting, this one adds some functions and
Xfixes one or two obscure bugs.  There has been another string library
Xposted in recent times, with many more functions; I haven't inspected it
Xand can't comment on its relationship to mine.  Alas, the manual pages
Xfor this stuff are copyright by various people other than me, so I can't
Xinclude them.  See your local Unix manuals.
X
XThis distribution implements precisely the union of the string functions
Xof the SVID, 4BSD, X3J11, and V7.  Included is a large test program that
Xexercises everything quite thoroughly.  (Note that some existing libraries,
Xincluding e.g. V7, flunk one or more of these tests.)
X
XIn the event of conflict between the definitions from various places, the
Xnewer or more portable one is chosen.  That is, X3J11 overrules the SVID,
Xwhich in turn overrules older Unixes.
X
XThe code is written for maximal portability.  Some efficiency has been
Xsacrificed in the cause of meticulously avoiding possible portability
Xproblems.  For example, this code never assumes that a pointer can be
Xmoved past the end of an array and then backed up.  Many of these functions
Xcan be implemented more efficiently if machine-dependent assumptions are
Xmade; memcpy is a particular glaring case.
X
XSimplistically:  put this stuff into a source directory, inspect Makefile
Xfor compilation options that need changing to suit your local environment,
Xand then do "make r".  This compiles the functions and the test program and
Xruns the tests.  If there are no complaints, put string.h in /usr/include
X(you may also want to "make memory.h" and put it in /usr/include) and add
Xthe functions (*.o except for tester.o) to your C library.  The internal
Xinterdependencies are:
X
X	index	needs	strchr
X	rindex	needs	strrchr
X	bcopy	needs	memcpy
X	bcmp	needs	memcmp
X	bzero	needs	memset
X
XI haven't included an implementation of Berkeley's ffs function partly
Xbecause it's not trivial to do in a portable way, and partly because I
Xdon't really see it as a string function.
X
XA weakness in the tester program is that it uses quite short strings for
Xeverything, and pays no real attention to alignment issues.  Optimized
Ximplementations of things like memcpy would need a more elaborate set of
Xtest cases to put them through their full paces.
X
X				Henry Spencer @ U of Toronto Zoology
X				{allegra,ihnp4,decvax,pyramid}!utzoo!henry
X				Wed Jun 25 19:21:34 EDT 1986
!
echo Makefile:
sed 's/^X//' >Makefile <<'!'
X# String library.
X
X# Configuration settings:  how should "size_t", "void *", "const" be written?
X# "size_t" is what's needed to hold the result of sizeof; beware of problems
X# with compatibility here, because X3J11 uses this for e.g. the third
X# argument of strncpy() as well.  You may need to make it "int" even if
X# this is a lie.  "void *" is the generic pointer type, "char *" in most
X# existing implementations.  "const" is the keyword marking read-only
X# variables and parameters, unimplemented in most existing implementations.
X# These things need to be defined this way because they must be fitted into
X# both the .h files and the .c files; see the make instructions for string.h
X# farther down.
XSIZET = int
XVOIDSTAR = char *
XLVOIDSTAR = char*	# Lint shell file has problems with * alone.  Barf.
XCONST = 
X
XCONF = -DSIZET=$(SIZET) -DVOIDSTAR='$(VOIDSTAR)' -DCONST='$(CONST)'
XLCONF = -DSIZET=$(SIZET) -DVOIDSTAR='$(LVOIDSTAR)' -DCONST='$(CONST)'
X
X# Things you might want to put in CFLAGS or LINTFLAGS.
X# -DCHARBITS=0377		Required if compiler lacks "unsigned char".
X# -Dvoid=int			Required if compiler lacks "void".
X# -DUNIXERR			Unix-like errno stuff, can test strerror().
X# -DBERKERR			Like UNIXERR but for Berklix (4BSD).
X# -I.				string.h from here, not /usr/include.
X
XCFLAGS = -O $(CONF) -DUNIXERR -I.
XLINTFLAGS = -hpan $(LCONF) -DUNIXERR -Dvoid=int -DCHARBITS=0377 -I.
XLDFLAGS = -i
X
X# Name lists.
XSTRING = index.o rindex.o strcat.o strchr.o strcmp.o strcpy.o strcspn.o \
X	strlen.o strncat.o strncmp.o strncpy.o strpbrk.o strrchr.o strspn.o \
X	strtok.o strstr.o memcpy.o memccpy.o memcmp.o memchr.o memset.o \
X	bcopy.o bcmp.o bzero.o strerror.o
XCSTRING = index.c rindex.c strcat.c strchr.c strcmp.c strcpy.c strcspn.c \
X	strlen.c strncat.c strncmp.c strncpy.c strpbrk.c strrchr.c strspn.c \
X	strtok.c strstr.c memcpy.c memccpy.c memcmp.c memchr.c memset.c \
X	bcopy.c bcmp.c bzero.c strerror.c
XDTR = README Makefile $(CSTRING) tester.c string.h.proto
X
X# Locations, for installation (somewhat system-dependent).
XDEST=..
X
Xtester.o:	string.h
X
Xmv:	$(STRING)
X	mv $(STRING) $(DEST)
X
Xr:	tester
X	@echo 'No news is good news.  Note: strerror() test is VERY system-dependent.'
X	tester
X
Xtester:	tester.o $(STRING)
X	cc $(LDFLAGS) tester.o $(STRING) -o tester
X
Xstring.h:	string.h.proto
X	sed 's/SIZET/$(SIZET)/g;s/VOIDSTAR /$(VOIDSTAR)/g' string.h.proto >string.h
X
Xmemory.h:	string.h
X	egrep mem string.h >memory.h
X
Xlint:	string.h
X	lint $(LINTFLAGS) tester.c $(CSTRING)
X
Xclean:
X	rm -f tester a.out *.o string.h memory.h dtr
X
Xdtr:	$(DTR)
X	makedtr $(DTR) >dtr
!
echo index.c:
sed 's/^X//' >index.c <<'!'
X/*
X * index - find first occurrence of a character in a string
X */
X
X#define	NULL	0
X
Xchar *				/* found char, or NULL if none */
Xindex(s, charwanted)
XCONST char *s;
Xchar charwanted;
X{
X	extern char *strchr();
X
X	return(strchr(s, charwanted));
X}
!
echo rindex.c:
sed 's/^X//' >rindex.c <<'!'
X/*
X * rindex - find last occurrence of a character in a string
X */
X
X#define	NULL	0
X
Xchar *				/* found char, or NULL if none */
Xrindex(s, charwanted)
XCONST char *s;
Xchar charwanted;
X{
X	extern char *strrchr();
X
X	return(strrchr(s, charwanted));
X}
!
echo strcat.c:
sed 's/^X//' >strcat.c <<'!'
X/*
X * strcat - append string src to dst
X */
Xchar *				/* dst */
Xstrcat(dst, src)
Xchar *dst;
XCONST char *src;
X{
X	register char *dscan;
X	register CONST char *sscan;
X
X	for (dscan = dst; *dscan != '\0'; dscan++)
X		continue;
X	sscan = src;
X	while ((*dscan++ = *sscan++) != '\0')
X		continue;
X	return(dst);
X}
!
echo strchr.c:
sed 's/^X//' >strchr.c <<'!'
X/*
X * strchr - find first occurrence of a character in a string
X */
X
X#define	NULL	0
X
Xchar *				/* found char, or NULL if none */
Xstrchr(s, charwanted)
XCONST char *s;
Xregister char charwanted;
X{
X	register CONST char *scan;
X
X	/*
X	 * The odd placement of the two tests is so NUL is findable.
X	 */
X	for (scan = s; *scan != charwanted;)	/* ++ moved down for opt. */
X		if (*scan++ == '\0')
X			return(NULL);
X	return(scan);
X}
!
echo strcmp.c:
sed 's/^X//' >strcmp.c <<'!'
X/*
X * strcmp - compare string s1 to s2
X */
X
Xint				/* <0 for <, 0 for ==, >0 for > */
Xstrcmp(s1, s2)
XCONST char *s1;
XCONST char *s2;
X{
X	register CONST char *scan1;
X	register CONST char *scan2;
X
X	scan1 = s1;
X	scan2 = s2;
X	while (*scan1 != '\0' && *scan1 == *scan2) {
X		scan1++;
X		scan2++;
X	}
X
X	/*
X	 * The following case analysis is necessary so that characters
X	 * which look negative collate low against normal characters but
X	 * high against the end-of-string NUL.
X	 */
X	if (*scan1 == '\0' && *scan2 == '\0')
X		return(0);
X	else if (*scan1 == '\0')
X		return(-1);
X	else if (*scan2 == '\0')
X		return(1);
X	else
X		return(*scan1 - *scan2);
X}
!
echo strcpy.c:
sed 's/^X//' >strcpy.c <<'!'
X/*
X * strcpy - copy string src to dst
X */
Xchar *				/* dst */
Xstrcpy(dst, src)
Xchar *dst;
XCONST char *src;
X{
X	register char *dscan;
X	register CONST char *sscan;
X
X	dscan = dst;
X	sscan = src;
X	while ((*dscan++ = *sscan++) != '\0')
X		continue;
X	return(dst);
X}
!
echo strcspn.c:
sed 's/^X//' >strcspn.c <<'!'
X/*
X * strcspn - find length of initial segment of s consisting entirely
X * of characters not from reject
X */
X
XSIZET
Xstrcspn(s, reject)
XCONST char *s;
XCONST char *reject;
X{
X	register CONST char *scan;
X	register CONST char *rscan;
X	register SIZET count;
X
X	count = 0;
X	for (scan = s; *scan != '\0'; scan++) {
X		for (rscan = reject; *rscan != '\0';)	/* ++ moved down. */
X			if (*scan == *rscan++)
X				return(count);
X		count++;
X	}
X	return(count);
X}
!
echo strlen.c:
sed 's/^X//' >strlen.c <<'!'
X/*
X * strlen - length of string (not including NUL)
X */
XSIZET
Xstrlen(s)
XCONST char *s;
X{
X	register CONST char *scan;
X	register SIZET count;
X
X	count = 0;
X	scan = s;
X	while (*scan++ != '\0')
X		count++;
X	return(count);
X}
!
echo strncat.c:
sed 's/^X//' >strncat.c <<'!'
X/*
X * strncat - append at most n characters of string src to dst
X */
Xchar *				/* dst */
Xstrncat(dst, src, n)
Xchar *dst;
XCONST char *src;
XSIZET n;
X{
X	register char *dscan;
X	register CONST char *sscan;
X	register SIZET count;
X
X	for (dscan = dst; *dscan != '\0'; dscan++)
X		continue;
X	sscan = src;
X	count = n;
X	while (*sscan != '\0' && --count >= 0)
X		*dscan++ = *sscan++;
X	*dscan++ = '\0';
X	return(dst);
X}
!
echo strncmp.c:
sed 's/^X//' >strncmp.c <<'!'
X/*
X * strncmp - compare at most n characters of string s1 to s2
X */
X
Xint				/* <0 for <, 0 for ==, >0 for > */
Xstrncmp(s1, s2, n)
XCONST char *s1;
XCONST char *s2;
XSIZET n;
X{
X	register CONST char *scan1;
X	register CONST char *scan2;
X	register SIZET count;
X
X	scan1 = s1;
X	scan2 = s2;
X	count = n;
X	while (--count >= 0 && *scan1 != '\0' && *scan1 == *scan2) {
X		scan1++;
X		scan2++;
X	}
X	if (count < 0)
X		return(0);
X
X	/*
X	 * The following case analysis is necessary so that characters
X	 * which look negative collate low against normal characters but
X	 * high against the end-of-string NUL.
X	 */
X	if (*scan1 == '\0' && *scan2 == '\0')
X		return(0);
X	else if (*scan1 == '\0')
X		return(-1);
X	else if (*scan2 == '\0')
X		return(1);
X	else
X		return(*scan1 - *scan2);
X}
!
echo strncpy.c:
sed 's/^X//' >strncpy.c <<'!'
X/*
X * strncpy - copy at most n characters of string src to dst
X */
Xchar *				/* dst */
Xstrncpy(dst, src, n)
Xchar *dst;
XCONST char *src;
XSIZET n;
X{
X	register char *dscan;
X	register CONST char *sscan;
X	register SIZET count;
X
X	dscan = dst;
X	sscan = src;
X	count = n;
X	while (--count >= 0 && (*dscan++ = *sscan++) != '\0')
X		continue;
X	while (--count >= 0)
X		*dscan++ = '\0';
X	return(dst);
X}
!
echo strpbrk.c:
sed 's/^X//' >strpbrk.c <<'!'
X/*
X * strpbrk - find first occurrence of any char from breakat in s
X */
X
X#define	NULL	0
X
Xchar *				/* found char, or NULL if none */
Xstrpbrk(s, breakat)
XCONST char *s;
XCONST char *breakat;
X{
X	register CONST char *sscan;
X	register CONST char *bscan;
X
X	for (sscan = s; *sscan != '\0'; sscan++) {
X		for (bscan = breakat; *bscan != '\0';)	/* ++ moved down. */
X			if (*sscan == *bscan++)
X				return(sscan);
X	}
X	return(NULL);
X}
!
echo strrchr.c:
sed 's/^X//' >strrchr.c <<'!'
X/*
X * strrchr - find last occurrence of a character in a string
X */
X
X#define	NULL	0
X
Xchar *				/* found char, or NULL if none */
Xstrrchr(s, charwanted)
XCONST char *s;
Xregister char charwanted;
X{
X	register CONST char *scan;
X	register CONST char *place;
X
X	place = NULL;
X	for (scan = s; *scan != '\0'; scan++)
X		if (*scan == charwanted)
X			place = scan;
X	if (charwanted == '\0')
X		return(scan);
X	return(place);
X}
!
echo strspn.c:
sed 's/^X//' >strspn.c <<'!'
X/*
X * strspn - find length of initial segment of s consisting entirely
X * of characters from accept
X */
X
XSIZET
Xstrspn(s, accept)
XCONST char *s;
XCONST char *accept;
X{
X	register CONST char *sscan;
X	register CONST char *ascan;
X	register SIZET count;
X
X	count = 0;
X	for (sscan = s; *sscan != '\0'; sscan++) {
X		for (ascan = accept; *ascan != '\0'; ascan++)
X			if (*sscan == *ascan)
X				break;
X		if (*ascan == '\0')
X			return(count);
X		count++;
X	}
X	return(count);
X}
!
echo strtok.c:
sed 's/^X//' >strtok.c <<'!'
X/*
X * Get next token from string s (NULL on 2nd, 3rd, etc. calls),
X * where tokens are nonempty strings separated by runs of
X * chars from delim.  Writes NULs into s to end tokens.  delim need not
X * remain constant from call to call.
X */
X
X#define	NULL	0
X
Xstatic char *scanpoint = NULL;
X
Xchar *				/* NULL if no token left */
Xstrtok(s, delim)
Xchar *s;
Xregister CONST char *delim;
X{
X	register char *scan;
X	char *tok;
X	register CONST char *dscan;
X
X	if (s == NULL && scanpoint == NULL)
X		return(NULL);
X	if (s != NULL)
X		scan = s;
X	else
X		scan = scanpoint;
X
X	/*
X	 * Scan leading delimiters.
X	 */
X	for (; *scan != '\0'; scan++) {
X		for (dscan = delim; *dscan != '\0'; dscan++)
X			if (*scan == *dscan)
X				break;
X		if (*dscan == '\0')
X			break;
X	}
X	if (*scan == '\0') {
X		scanpoint = NULL;
X		return(NULL);
X	}
X
X	tok = scan;
X
X	/*
X	 * Scan token.
X	 */
X	for (; *scan != '\0'; scan++) {
X		for (dscan = delim; *dscan != '\0';)	/* ++ moved down. */
X			if (*scan == *dscan++) {
X				scanpoint = scan+1;
X				*scan = '\0';
X				return(tok);
X			}
X	}
X
X	/*
X	 * Reached end of string.
X	 */
X	scanpoint = NULL;
X	return(tok);
X}
!
echo strstr.c:
sed 's/^X//' >strstr.c <<'!'
X/*
X * strstr - find first occurrence of wanted in s
X */
X
X#define	NULL	0
X
Xchar *				/* found string, or NULL if none */
Xstrstr(s, wanted)
XCONST char *s;
XCONST char *wanted;
X{
X	register CONST char *scan;
X	register SIZET len;
X	register char firstc;
X	extern int strcmp();
X	extern SIZET strlen();
X
X	/*
X	 * The odd placement of the two tests is so "" is findable.
X	 * Also, we inline the first char for speed.
X	 * The ++ on scan has been moved down for optimization.
X	 */
X	firstc = *wanted;
X	len = strlen(wanted);
X	for (scan = s; *scan != firstc || strncmp(scan, wanted, len) != 0; )
X		if (*scan++ == '\0')
X			return(NULL);
X	return(scan);
X}
!
echo memcpy.c:
sed 's/^X//' >memcpy.c <<'!'
X/*
X * memcpy - copy bytes
X */
X
XVOIDSTAR
Xmemcpy(dst, src, size)
XVOIDSTAR dst;
XCONST VOIDSTAR src;
XSIZET size;
X{
X	register char *d;
X	register CONST char *s;
X	register SIZET n;
X
X	if (size <= 0)
X		return(dst);
X
X	s = src;
X	d = dst;
X	if (s <= d && s + (size-1) >= d) {
X		/* Overlap, must copy right-to-left. */
X		s += size-1;
X		d += size-1;
X		for (n = size; n > 0; n--)
X			*d-- = *s--;
X	} else
X		for (n = size; n > 0; n--)
X			*d++ = *s++;
X
X	return(dst);
X}
!
echo memccpy.c:
sed 's/^X//' >memccpy.c <<'!'
X/*
X * memccpy - copy bytes up to a certain char
X *
X * CHARBITS should be defined only if the compiler lacks "unsigned char".
X * It should be a mask, e.g. 0377 for an 8-bit machine.
X */
X
X#define	NULL	0
X
X#ifndef CHARBITS
X#	define	UNSCHAR(c)	((unsigned char)(c))
X#else
X#	define	UNSCHAR(c)	((c)&CHARBITS)
X#endif
X
XVOIDSTAR
Xmemccpy(dst, src, ucharstop, size)
XVOIDSTAR dst;
XCONST VOIDSTAR src;
XSIZET size;
X{
X	register char *d;
X	register CONST char *s;
X	register SIZET n;
X	register int uc;
X
X	if (size <= 0)
X		return(NULL);
X
X	s = src;
X	d = dst;
X	uc = UNSCHAR(ucharstop);
X	for (n = size; n > 0; n--)
X		if (UNSCHAR(*d++ = *s++) == uc)
X			return(d);
X
X	return(NULL);
X}
!
echo memcmp.c:
sed 's/^X//' >memcmp.c <<'!'
X/*
X * memcmp - compare bytes
X */
X
Xint				/* <0, == 0, >0 */
Xmemcmp(s1, s2, size)
XCONST VOIDSTAR s1;
XCONST VOIDSTAR s2;
XSIZET size;
X{
X	register CONST char *scan1;
X	register CONST char *scan2;
X	register SIZET n;
X
X	scan1 = s1;
X	scan2 = s2;
X	for (n = size; n > 0; n--)
X		if (*scan1 == *scan2) {
X			scan1++;
X			scan2++;
X		} else
X			return(*scan1 - *scan2);
X
X	return(0);
X}
!
echo memchr.c:
sed 's/^X//' >memchr.c <<'!'
X/*
X * memchr - search for a byte
X *
X * CHARBITS should be defined only if the compiler lacks "unsigned char".
X * It should be a mask, e.g. 0377 for an 8-bit machine.
X */
X
X#define	NULL	0
X
X#ifndef CHARBITS
X#	define	UNSCHAR(c)	((unsigned char)(c))
X#else
X#	define	UNSCHAR(c)	((c)&CHARBITS)
X#endif
X
XVOIDSTAR
Xmemchr(s, ucharwanted, size)
XCONST VOIDSTAR s;
Xint ucharwanted;
XSIZET size;
X{
X	register CONST char *scan;
X	register SIZET n;
X	register int uc;
X
X	scan = s;
X	uc = UNSCHAR(ucharwanted);
X	for (n = size; n > 0; n--)
X		if (UNSCHAR(*scan) == uc)
X			return(scan);
X		else
X			scan++;
X
X	return(NULL);
X}
!
echo memset.c:
sed 's/^X//' >memset.c <<'!'
X/*
X * memset - set bytes
X *
X * CHARBITS should be defined only if the compiler lacks "unsigned char".
X * It should be a mask, e.g. 0377 for an 8-bit machine.
X */
X
X#ifndef CHARBITS
X#	define	UNSCHAR(c)	((unsigned char)(c))
X#else
X#	define	UNSCHAR(c)	((c)&CHARBITS)
X#endif
X
XVOIDSTAR
Xmemset(s, ucharfill, size)
XCONST VOIDSTAR s;
Xregister int ucharfill;
XSIZET size;
X{
X	register CONST char *scan;
X	register SIZET n;
X	register int uc;
X
X	scan = s;
X	uc = UNSCHAR(ucharfill);
X	for (n = size; n > 0; n--)
X		*scan++ = uc;
X
X	return(s);
X}
!
echo bcopy.c:
sed 's/^X//' >bcopy.c <<'!'
X/*
X - bcopy - Berklix equivalent of memcpy
X */
X
Xbcopy(src, dst, length)
XCONST char *src;
Xchar *dst;
Xint length;
X{
X	extern VOIDSTAR memcpy();
X
X	(void) memcpy((VOIDSTAR)dst, (CONST VOIDSTAR)src, (SIZET)length);
X}
!
echo bcmp.c:
sed 's/^X//' >bcmp.c <<'!'
X/*
X - bcmp - Berklix equivalent of memcmp
X */
X
Xint				/* == 0 or != 0 for equality and inequality */
Xbcmp(s1, s2, length)
XCONST char *s1;
XCONST char *s2;	
Xint length;
X{
X	return(memcmp((CONST VOIDSTAR)s1, (CONST VOIDSTAR)s2, (SIZET)length));
X}
!
echo bzero.c:
sed 's/^X//' >bzero.c <<'!'
X/*
X - bzero - Berklix subset of memset
X */
X
Xbzero(dst, length)
Xchar *dst;
Xint length;
X{
X	extern VOIDSTAR memset();
X
X	(void) memset((VOIDSTAR)dst, 0, (SIZET)length);
X}
!
echo strerror.c:
sed 's/^X//' >strerror.c <<'!'
X/*
X * strerror - map error number to descriptive string
X *
X * This version is obviously somewhat Unix-specific.
X */
Xchar *
Xstrerror(errnum)
Xint errnum;
X{
X	extern int errno, sys_nerr;
X	extern char *sys_errlist[];
X
X	if (errnum > 0 && errnum < sys_nerr)
X		return(sys_errlist[errnum]);
X	else
X		return("unknown error");
X}
!
echo tester.c:
sed 's/^X//' >tester.c <<'!'
X/*
X * Test program for string(3) routines.
X * 
X * Note that at least one Bell Labs implementation of the string
X * routines flunks a couple of these tests -- the ones which test
X * behavior on "negative" characters.
X */
X
X#include <stdio.h>
X#include <string.h>
X
X#define	STREQ(a, b)	(strcmp((a), (b)) == 0)
X
Xchar *it = "<UNSET>";		/* Routine name for message routines. */
Xint waserror = 0;		/* For exit status. */
X
Xchar uctest[] = "\004\203";	/* For testing signedness of chars. */
Xint charsigned;			/* Result. */
X
X/*
X - check - complain if condition is not true
X */
Xvoid
Xcheck(thing, number)
Xint thing;
Xint number;			/* Test number for error message. */
X{
X	if (!thing) {
X		printf("%s flunked test %d\n", it, number);
X		waserror = 1;
X	}
X}
X
X/*
X - equal - complain if first two args don't strcmp as equal
X */
Xvoid
Xequal(a, b, number)
Xchar *a;
Xchar *b;
Xint number;			/* Test number for error message. */
X{
X	check(a != NULL && b != NULL && STREQ(a, b), number);
X}
X
Xchar one[50];
Xchar two[50];
X
X#ifdef UNIXERR
X#define ERR 1
X#endif
X#ifdef BERKERR
X#define ERR 1
X#endif
X#ifdef ERR
Xint f;
Xextern char *sys_errlist[];
Xextern int sys_nerr;
Xextern int errno;
X#endif
X
X/* ARGSUSED */
Xmain(argc, argv)
Xint argc;
Xchar *argv[];
X{
X	/*
X	 * First, establish whether chars are signed.
X	 */
X	if (uctest[0] < uctest[1])
X		charsigned = 0;
X	else
X		charsigned = 1;
X
X	/*
X	 * Then, do the rest of the work.  Split into two functions because
X	 * some compilers get unhappy about a single immense function.
X	 */
X	first();
X	second();
X
X	exit((waserror) ? 1 : 0);
X}
X
Xfirst()
X{
X	/*
X	 * Test strcmp first because we use it to test other things.
X	 */
X	it = "strcmp";
X	check(strcmp("", "") == 0, 1);		/* Trivial case. */
X	check(strcmp("a", "a") == 0, 2);	/* Identity. */
X	check(strcmp("abc", "abc") == 0, 3);	/* Multicharacter. */
X	check(strcmp("abc", "abcd") < 0, 4);	/* Length mismatches. */
X	check(strcmp("abcd", "abc") > 0, 5);
X	check(strcmp("abcd", "abce") < 0, 6);	/* Honest miscompares. */
X	check(strcmp("abce", "abcd") > 0, 7);
X	check(strcmp("a\203", "a") > 0, 8);	/* Tricky if char signed. */
X	if (charsigned)				/* Sign-bit comparison. */
X		check(strcmp("a\203", "a\003") < 0, 9);
X	else
X		check(strcmp("a\203", "a\003") > 0, 9);
X
X	/*
X	 * Test strcpy next because we need it to set up other tests.
X	 */
X	it = "strcpy";
X	check(strcpy(one, "abcd") == one, 1);	/* Returned value. */
X	equal(one, "abcd", 2);			/* Basic test. */
X
X	(void) strcpy(one, "x");
X	equal(one, "x", 3);			/* Writeover. */
X	equal(one+2, "cd", 4);			/* Wrote too much? */
X
X	(void) strcpy(two, "hi there");
X	(void) strcpy(one, two);
X	equal(one, "hi there", 5);		/* Basic test encore. */
X	equal(two, "hi there", 6);		/* Stomped on source? */
X
X	(void) strcpy(one, "");
X	equal(one, "", 7);			/* Boundary condition. */
X
X	/*
X	 * strcat
X	 */
X	it = "strcat";
X	(void) strcpy(one, "ijk");
X	check(strcat(one, "lmn") == one, 1);	/* Returned value. */
X	equal(one, "ijklmn", 2);		/* Basic test. */
X
X	(void) strcpy(one, "x");
X	(void) strcat(one, "yz");
X	equal(one, "xyz", 3);			/* Writeover. */
X	equal(one+4, "mn", 4);			/* Wrote too much? */
X
X	(void) strcpy(one, "gh");
X	(void) strcpy(two, "ef");
X	(void) strcat(one, two);
X	equal(one, "ghef", 5);			/* Basic test encore. */
X	equal(two, "ef", 6);			/* Stomped on source? */
X
X	(void) strcpy(one, "");
X	(void) strcat(one, "");
X	equal(one, "", 7);			/* Boundary conditions. */
X	(void) strcpy(one, "ab");
X	(void) strcat(one, "");
X	equal(one, "ab", 8);
X	(void) strcpy(one, "");
X	(void) strcat(one, "cd");
X	equal(one, "cd", 9);
X
X	/*
X	 * strncat - first test it as strcat, with big counts, then
X	 * test the count mechanism.
X	 */
X	it = "strncat";
X	(void) strcpy(one, "ijk");
X	check(strncat(one, "lmn", 99) == one, 1);	/* Returned value. */
X	equal(one, "ijklmn", 2);		/* Basic test. */
X
X	(void) strcpy(one, "x");
X	(void) strncat(one, "yz", 99);
X	equal(one, "xyz", 3);			/* Writeover. */
X	equal(one+4, "mn", 4);			/* Wrote too much? */
X
X	(void) strcpy(one, "gh");
X	(void) strcpy(two, "ef");
X	(void) strncat(one, two, 99);
X	equal(one, "ghef", 5);			/* Basic test encore. */
X	equal(two, "ef", 6);			/* Stomped on source? */
X
X	(void) strcpy(one, "");
X	(void) strncat(one, "", 99);
X	equal(one, "", 7);			/* Boundary conditions. */
X	(void) strcpy(one, "ab");
X	(void) strncat(one, "", 99);
X	equal(one, "ab", 8);
X	(void) strcpy(one, "");
X	(void) strncat(one, "cd", 99);
X	equal(one, "cd", 9);
X
X	(void) strcpy(one, "ab");
X	(void) strncat(one, "cdef", 2);
X	equal(one, "abcd", 10);			/* Count-limited. */
X
X	(void) strncat(one, "gh", 0);
X	equal(one, "abcd", 11);			/* Zero count. */
X
X	(void) strncat(one, "gh", 2);
X	equal(one, "abcdgh", 12);		/* Count and length equal. */
X
X	/*
X	 * strncmp - first test as strcmp with big counts, then test
X	 * count code.
X	 */
X	it = "strncmp";
X	check(strncmp("", "", 99) == 0, 1);	/* Trivial case. */
X	check(strncmp("a", "a", 99) == 0, 2);	/* Identity. */
X	check(strncmp("abc", "abc", 99) == 0, 3);	/* Multicharacter. */
X	check(strncmp("abc", "abcd", 99) < 0, 4);	/* Length unequal. */
X	check(strncmp("abcd", "abc", 99) > 0, 5);
X	check(strncmp("abcd", "abce", 99) < 0, 6);	/* Honestly unequal. */
X	check(strncmp("abce", "abcd", 99) > 0, 7);
X	check(strncmp("a\203", "a", 2) > 0, 8);	/* Tricky if '\203' < 0 */
X	if (charsigned)				/* Sign-bit comparison. */
X		check(strncmp("a\203", "a\003", 2) < 0, 9);
X	else
X		check(strncmp("a\203", "a\003", 2) > 0, 9);
X	check(strncmp("abce", "abcd", 3) == 0, 10);	/* Count limited. */
X	check(strncmp("abce", "abc", 3) == 0, 11);	/* Count == length. */
X	check(strncmp("abcd", "abce", 4) < 0, 12);	/* Nudging limit. */
X	check(strncmp("abc", "def", 0) == 0, 13);	/* Zero count. */
X
X	/*
X	 * strncpy - testing is a bit different because of odd semantics
X	 */
X	it = "strncpy";
X	check(strncpy(one, "abc", 4) == one, 1);	/* Returned value. */
X	equal(one, "abc", 2);			/* Did the copy go right? */
X
X	(void) strcpy(one, "abcdefgh");
X	(void) strncpy(one, "xyz", 2);
X	equal(one, "xycdefgh", 3);		/* Copy cut by count. */
X
X	(void) strcpy(one, "abcdefgh");
X	(void) strncpy(one, "xyz", 3);		/* Copy cut just before NUL. */
X	equal(one, "xyzdefgh", 4);
X
X	(void) strcpy(one, "abcdefgh");
X	(void) strncpy(one, "xyz", 4);		/* Copy just includes NUL. */
X	equal(one, "xyz", 5);
X	equal(one+4, "efgh", 6);		/* Wrote too much? */
X
X	(void) strcpy(one, "abcdefgh");
X	(void) strncpy(one, "xyz", 5);		/* Copy includes padding. */
X	equal(one, "xyz", 7);
X	equal(one+4, "", 8);
X	equal(one+5, "fgh", 9);
X
X	(void) strcpy(one, "abc");
X	(void) strncpy(one, "xyz", 0);		/* Zero-length copy. */
X	equal(one, "abc", 10);	
X
X	(void) strncpy(one, "", 2);		/* Zero-length source. */
X	equal(one, "", 11);
X	equal(one+1, "", 12);	
X	equal(one+2, "c", 13);
X
X	(void) strcpy(one, "hi there");
X	(void) strncpy(two, one, 9);
X	equal(two, "hi there", 14);		/* Just paranoia. */
X	equal(one, "hi there", 15);		/* Stomped on source? */
X
X	/*
X	 * strlen
X	 */
X	it = "strlen";
X	check(strlen("") == 0, 1);		/* Empty. */
X	check(strlen("a") == 1, 2);		/* Single char. */
X	check(strlen("abcd") == 4, 3);		/* Multiple chars. */
X
X	/*
X	 * strchr
X	 */
X	it = "strchr";
X	check(strchr("abcd", 'z') == NULL, 1);	/* Not found. */
X	(void) strcpy(one, "abcd");
X	check(strchr(one, 'c') == one+2, 2);	/* Basic test. */
X	check(strchr(one, 'd') == one+3, 3);	/* End of string. */
X	check(strchr(one, 'a') == one, 4);	/* Beginning. */
X	check(strchr(one, '\0') == one+4, 5);	/* Finding NUL. */
X	(void) strcpy(one, "ababa");
X	check(strchr(one, 'b') == one+1, 6);	/* Finding first. */
X	(void) strcpy(one, "");
X	check(strchr(one, 'b') == NULL, 7);	/* Empty string. */
X	check(strchr(one, '\0') == one, 8);	/* NUL in empty string. */
X
X	/*
X	 * index - just like strchr
X	 */
X	it = "index";
X	check(index("abcd", 'z') == NULL, 1);	/* Not found. */
X	(void) strcpy(one, "abcd");
X	check(index(one, 'c') == one+2, 2);	/* Basic test. */
X	check(index(one, 'd') == one+3, 3);	/* End of string. */
X	check(index(one, 'a') == one, 4);	/* Beginning. */
X	check(index(one, '\0') == one+4, 5);	/* Finding NUL. */
X	(void) strcpy(one, "ababa");
X	check(index(one, 'b') == one+1, 6);	/* Finding first. */
X	(void) strcpy(one, "");
X	check(index(one, 'b') == NULL, 7);	/* Empty string. */
X	check(index(one, '\0') == one, 8);	/* NUL in empty string. */
X
X	/*
X	 * strrchr
X	 */
X	it = "strrchr";
X	check(strrchr("abcd", 'z') == NULL, 1);	/* Not found. */
X	(void) strcpy(one, "abcd");
X	check(strrchr(one, 'c') == one+2, 2);	/* Basic test. */
X	check(strrchr(one, 'd') == one+3, 3);	/* End of string. */
X	check(strrchr(one, 'a') == one, 4);	/* Beginning. */
X	check(strrchr(one, '\0') == one+4, 5);	/* Finding NUL. */
X	(void) strcpy(one, "ababa");
X	check(strrchr(one, 'b') == one+3, 6);	/* Finding last. */
X	(void) strcpy(one, "");
X	check(strrchr(one, 'b') == NULL, 7);	/* Empty string. */
X	check(strrchr(one, '\0') == one, 8);	/* NUL in empty string. */
X
X	/*
X	 * rindex - just like strrchr
X	 */
X	it = "rindex";
X	check(rindex("abcd", 'z') == NULL, 1);	/* Not found. */
X	(void) strcpy(one, "abcd");
X	check(rindex(one, 'c') == one+2, 2);	/* Basic test. */
X	check(rindex(one, 'd') == one+3, 3);	/* End of string. */
X	check(rindex(one, 'a') == one, 4);	/* Beginning. */
X	check(rindex(one, '\0') == one+4, 5);	/* Finding NUL. */
X	(void) strcpy(one, "ababa");
X	check(rindex(one, 'b') == one+3, 6);	/* Finding last. */
X	(void) strcpy(one, "");
X	check(rindex(one, 'b') == NULL, 7);	/* Empty string. */
X	check(rindex(one, '\0') == one, 8);	/* NUL in empty string. */
X}
X
Xsecond()
X{
X	/*
X	 * strpbrk - somewhat like strchr
X	 */
X	it = "strpbrk";
X	check(strpbrk("abcd", "z") == NULL, 1);	/* Not found. */
X	(void) strcpy(one, "abcd");
X	check(strpbrk(one, "c") == one+2, 2);	/* Basic test. */
X	check(strpbrk(one, "d") == one+3, 3);	/* End of string. */
X	check(strpbrk(one, "a") == one, 4);	/* Beginning. */
X	check(strpbrk(one, "") == NULL, 5);	/* Empty search list. */
X	check(strpbrk(one, "cb") == one+1, 6);	/* Multiple search. */
X	(void) strcpy(one, "abcabdea");
X	check(strpbrk(one, "b") == one+1, 7);	/* Finding first. */
X	check(strpbrk(one, "cb") == one+1, 8);	/* With multiple search. */
X	check(strpbrk(one, "db") == one+1, 9);	/* Another variant. */
X	(void) strcpy(one, "");
X	check(strpbrk(one, "bc") == NULL, 10);	/* Empty string. */
X	check(strpbrk(one, "") == NULL, 11);	/* Both strings empty. */
X
X	/*
X	 * strstr - somewhat like strchr
X	 */
X	it = "strstr";
X	check(strstr("abcd", "z") == NULL, 1);	/* Not found. */
X	check(strstr("abcd", "abx") == NULL, 2);	/* Dead end. */
X	(void) strcpy(one, "abcd");
X	check(strstr(one, "c") == one+2, 3);	/* Basic test. */
X	check(strstr(one, "bc") == one+1, 4);	/* Multichar. */
X	check(strstr(one, "d") == one+3, 5);	/* End of string. */
X	check(strstr(one, "cd") == one+2, 6);	/* Tail of string. */
X	check(strstr(one, "abc") == one, 7);	/* Beginning. */
X	check(strstr(one, "abcd") == one, 8);	/* Exact match. */
X	check(strstr(one, "abcde") == NULL, 9);	/* Too long. */
X	check(strstr(one, "de") == NULL, 10);	/* Past end. */
X	check(strstr(one, "") == one+4, 11);	/* Finding empty. */
X	(void) strcpy(one, "ababa");
X	check(strstr(one, "ba") == one+1, 12);	/* Finding first. */
X	(void) strcpy(one, "");
X	check(strstr(one, "b") == NULL, 13);	/* Empty string. */
X	check(strstr(one, "") == one, 14);	/* Empty in empty string. */
X	(void) strcpy(one, "bcbca");
X	check(strstr(one, "bca") == one+2, 15);	/* False start. */
X	(void) strcpy(one, "bbbcabbca");
X	check(strstr(one, "bbca") == one+1, 16);	/* With overlap. */
X
X	/*
X	 * strspn
X	 */
X	it = "strspn";
X	check(strspn("abcba", "abc") == 5, 1);	/* Whole string. */
X	check(strspn("abcba", "ab") == 2, 2);	/* Partial. */
X	check(strspn("abc", "qx") == 0, 3);	/* None. */
X	check(strspn("", "ab") == 0, 4);	/* Null string. */
X	check(strspn("abc", "") == 0, 5);	/* Null search list. */
X
X	/*
X	 * strcspn
X	 */
X	it = "strcspn";
X	check(strcspn("abcba", "qx") == 5, 1);	/* Whole string. */
X	check(strcspn("abcba", "cx") == 2, 2);	/* Partial. */
X	check(strcspn("abc", "abc") == 0, 3);	/* None. */
X	check(strcspn("", "ab") == 0, 4);	/* Null string. */
X	check(strcspn("abc", "") == 3, 5);	/* Null search list. */
X
X	/*
X	 * strtok - the hard one
X	 */
X	it = "strtok";
X	(void) strcpy(one, "first, second, third");
X	equal(strtok(one, ", "), "first", 1);	/* Basic test. */
X	equal(one, "first", 2);
X	equal(strtok((char *)NULL, ", "), "second", 3);
X	equal(strtok((char *)NULL, ", "), "third", 4);
X	check(strtok((char *)NULL, ", ") == NULL, 5);
X	(void) strcpy(one, ", first, ");
X	equal(strtok(one, ", "), "first", 6);	/* Extra delims, 1 tok. */
X	check(strtok((char *)NULL, ", ") == NULL, 7);
X	(void) strcpy(one, "1a, 1b; 2a, 2b");
X	equal(strtok(one, ", "), "1a", 8);	/* Changing delim lists. */
X	equal(strtok((char *)NULL, "; "), "1b", 9);
X	equal(strtok((char *)NULL, ", "), "2a", 10);
X	(void) strcpy(two, "x-y");
X	equal(strtok(two, "-"), "x", 11);	/* New string before done. */
X	equal(strtok((char *)NULL, "-"), "y", 12);
X	check(strtok((char *)NULL, "-") == NULL, 13);
X	(void) strcpy(one, "a,b, c,, ,d");
X	equal(strtok(one, ", "), "a", 14);	/* Different separators. */
X	equal(strtok((char *)NULL, ", "), "b", 15);
X	equal(strtok((char *)NULL, " ,"), "c", 16);	/* Permute list too. */
X	equal(strtok((char *)NULL, " ,"), "d", 17);
X	check(strtok((char *)NULL, ", ") == NULL, 18);
X	check(strtok((char *)NULL, ", ") == NULL, 19);	/* Persistence. */
X	(void) strcpy(one, ", ");
X	check(strtok(one, ", ") == NULL, 20);	/* No tokens. */
X	(void) strcpy(one, "");
X	check(strtok(one, ", ") == NULL, 21);	/* Empty string. */
X	(void) strcpy(one, "abc");
X	equal(strtok(one, ", "), "abc", 22);	/* No delimiters. */
X	check(strtok((char *)NULL, ", ") == NULL, 23);
X	(void) strcpy(one, "abc");
X	equal(strtok(one, ""), "abc", 24);	/* Empty delimiter list. */
X	check(strtok((char *)NULL, "") == NULL, 25);
X	(void) strcpy(one, "abcdefgh");
X	(void) strcpy(one, "a,b,c");
X	equal(strtok(one, ","), "a", 26);	/* Basics again... */
X	equal(strtok((char *)NULL, ","), "b", 27);
X	equal(strtok((char *)NULL, ","), "c", 28);
X	check(strtok((char *)NULL, ",") == NULL, 29);
X	equal(one+6, "gh", 30);			/* Stomped past end? */
X	equal(one, "a", 31);			/* Stomped old tokens? */
X	equal(one+2, "b", 32);
X	equal(one+4, "c", 33);
X
X	/*
X	 * memcmp
X	 */
X	it = "memcmp";
X	check(memcmp("a", "a", 1) == 0, 1);	/* Identity. */
X	check(memcmp("abc", "abc", 3) == 0, 2);	/* Multicharacter. */
X	check(memcmp("abcd", "abce", 4) < 0, 3);	/* Honestly unequal. */
X	check(memcmp("abce", "abcd", 4) > 0, 4);
X	check(memcmp("alph", "beta", 4) < 0, 5);
X	if (charsigned)				/* Sign-bit comparison. */
X		check(memcmp("a\203", "a\003", 2) < 0, 6);
X	else
X		check(memcmp("a\203", "a\003", 2) > 0, 6);
X	check(memcmp("abce", "abcd", 3) == 0, 7);	/* Count limited. */
X	check(memcmp("abc", "def", 0) == 0, 8);	/* Zero count. */
X
X	/*
X	 * memchr
X	 */
X	it = "memchr";
X	check(memchr("abcd", 'z', 4) == NULL, 1);	/* Not found. */
X	(void) strcpy(one, "abcd");
X	check(memchr(one, 'c', 4) == one+2, 2);	/* Basic test. */
X	check(memchr(one, 'd', 4) == one+3, 3);	/* End of string. */
X	check(memchr(one, 'a', 4) == one, 4);	/* Beginning. */
X	check(memchr(one, '\0', 5) == one+4, 5);	/* Finding NUL. */
X	(void) strcpy(one, "ababa");
X	check(memchr(one, 'b', 5) == one+1, 6);	/* Finding first. */
X	check(memchr(one, 'b', 0) == NULL, 7);	/* Zero count. */
X	check(memchr(one, 'a', 1) == one, 8);	/* Singleton case. */
X	(void) strcpy(one, "a\203b");
X	check(memchr(one, 0203, 3) == one+1, 9);	/* Unsignedness. */
X
X	/*
X	 * memcpy
X	 *
X	 * Note that X3J11 says memcpy must work regardless of overlap.
X	 * The SVID says it might fail.
X	 */
X	it = "memcpy";
X	check(memcpy(one, "abc", 4) == one, 1);	/* Returned value. */
X	equal(one, "abc", 2);			/* Did the copy go right? */
X
X	(void) strcpy(one, "abcdefgh");
X	(void) memcpy(one+1, "xyz", 2);
X	equal(one, "axydefgh", 3);		/* Basic test. */
X
X	(void) strcpy(one, "abc");
X	(void) memcpy(one, "xyz", 0);
X	equal(one, "abc", 4);			/* Zero-length copy. */
X
X	(void) strcpy(one, "hi there");
X	(void) strcpy(two, "foo");
X	(void) memcpy(two, one, 9);
X	equal(two, "hi there", 5);		/* Just paranoia. */
X	equal(one, "hi there", 6);		/* Stomped on source? */
X
X	(void) strcpy(one, "abcdefgh");
X	(void) memcpy(one+1, one, 9);
X	equal(one, "aabcdefgh", 7);		/* Overlap, right-to-left. */
X
X	(void) strcpy(one, "abcdefgh");
X	(void) memcpy(one+1, one+2, 7);
X	equal(one, "acdefgh", 8);		/* Overlap, left-to-right. */
X
X	(void) strcpy(one, "abcdefgh");
X	(void) memcpy(one, one, 9);
X	equal(one, "abcdefgh", 9);		/* 100% overlap. */
X
X	/*
X	 * memccpy - first test like memcpy, then the search part
X	 *
X	 * The SVID, the only place where memccpy is mentioned, says
X	 * overlap might fail, so we don't try it.  Besides, it's hard
X	 * to see the rationale for a non-left-to-right memccpy.
X	 */
X	it = "memccpy";
X	check(memccpy(one, "abc", 'q', 4) == NULL, 1);	/* Returned value. */
X	equal(one, "abc", 2);			/* Did the copy go right? */
X
X	(void) strcpy(one, "abcdefgh");
X	(void) memccpy(one+1, "xyz", 'q', 2);
X	equal(one, "axydefgh", 3);		/* Basic test. */
X
X	(void) strcpy(one, "abc");
X	(void) memccpy(one, "xyz", 'q', 0);
X	equal(one, "abc", 4);			/* Zero-length copy. */
X
X	(void) strcpy(one, "hi there");
X	(void) strcpy(two, "foo");
X	(void) memccpy(two, one, 'q', 9);
X	equal(two, "hi there", 5);		/* Just paranoia. */
X	equal(one, "hi there", 6);		/* Stomped on source? */
X
X	(void) strcpy(one, "abcdefgh");
X	(void) strcpy(two, "horsefeathers");
X	check(memccpy(two, one, 'f', 9) == two+6, 7);	/* Returned value. */
X	equal(one, "abcdefgh", 8);		/* Source intact? */
X	equal(two, "abcdefeathers", 9);		/* Copy correct? */
X
X	(void) strcpy(one, "abcd");
X	(void) strcpy(two, "bumblebee");
X	check(memccpy(two, one, 'a', 4) == two+1, 10);	/* First char. */
X	equal(two, "aumblebee", 11);
X	check(memccpy(two, one, 'd', 4) == two+4, 12);	/* Last char. */
X	equal(two, "abcdlebee", 13);
X	(void) strcpy(one, "xyz");
X	check(memccpy(two, one, 'x', 1) == two+1, 14);	/* Singleton. */
X	equal(two, "xbcdlebee", 15);
X
X	/*
X	 * memset
X	 */
X	it = "memset";
X	(void) strcpy(one, "abcdefgh");
X	check(memset(one+1, 'x', 3) == one+1, 1);	/* Return value. */
X	equal(one, "axxxefgh", 2);		/* Basic test. */
X
X	(void) memset(one+2, 'y', 0);
X	equal(one, "axxxefgh", 3);		/* Zero-length set. */
X
X	(void) memset(one+5, 0, 1);
X	equal(one, "axxxe", 4);			/* Zero fill. */
X	equal(one+6, "gh", 5);			/* And the leftover. */
X
X	(void) memset(one+2, 010045, 1);
X	equal(one, "ax\045xe", 6);		/* Unsigned char convert. */
X
X	/*
X	 * bcopy - much like memcpy
X	 *
X	 * Berklix manual is silent about overlap, so don't test it.
X	 */
X	it = "bcopy";
X	(void) bcopy("abc", one, 4);
X	equal(one, "abc", 1);			/* Simple copy. */
X
X	(void) strcpy(one, "abcdefgh");
X	(void) bcopy("xyz", one+1, 2);
X	equal(one, "axydefgh", 2);		/* Basic test. */
X
X	(void) strcpy(one, "abc");
X	(void) bcopy("xyz", one, 0);
X	equal(one, "abc", 3);			/* Zero-length copy. */
X
X	(void) strcpy(one, "hi there");
X	(void) strcpy(two, "foo");
X	(void) bcopy(one, two, 9);
X	equal(two, "hi there", 4);		/* Just paranoia. */
X	equal(one, "hi there", 5);		/* Stomped on source? */
X
X	/*
X	 * bzero
X	 */
X	it = "bzero";
X	(void) strcpy(one, "abcdef");
X	bzero(one+2, 2);
X	equal(one, "ab", 1);			/* Basic test. */
X	equal(one+3, "", 2);
X	equal(one+4, "ef", 3);
X
X	(void) strcpy(one, "abcdef");
X	bzero(one+2, 0);
X	equal(one, "abcdef", 4);		/* Zero-length copy. */
X
X	/*
X	 * bcmp - somewhat like memcmp
X	 */
X	it = "bcmp";
X	check(bcmp("a", "a", 1) == 0, 1);	/* Identity. */
X	check(bcmp("abc", "abc", 3) == 0, 2);	/* Multicharacter. */
X	check(bcmp("abcd", "abce", 4) != 0, 3);	/* Honestly unequal. */
X	check(bcmp("abce", "abcd", 4) != 0, 4);
X	check(bcmp("alph", "beta", 4) != 0, 5);
X	check(bcmp("abce", "abcd", 3) == 0, 6);	/* Count limited. */
X	check(bcmp("abc", "def", 0) == 0, 8);	/* Zero count. */
X
X#ifdef ERR
X	/*
X	 * strerror - VERY system-dependent
X	 */
X	it = "strerror";
X	f = open("/", 1);	/* Should always fail. */
X	check(f < 0 && errno > 0 && errno < sys_nerr, 1);
X	equal(strerror(errno), sys_errlist[errno], 2);
X#ifdef UNIXERR
X	equal(strerror(errno), "Is a directory", 3);
X#endif
X#ifdef BERKERR
X	equal(strerror(errno), "Permission denied", 3);
X#endif
X#endif
X}
!
echo string.h.proto:
sed 's/^X//' >string.h.proto <<'!'
X/*
X * String functions.
X */
X
XVOIDSTAR memcpy(/*VOIDSTAR dst, const VOIDSTAR src, SIZET size*/);
XVOIDSTAR memccpy(/*VOIDSTAR dst, const VOIDSTAR src, int ucharstop, SIZET size*/);
Xchar *strcpy(/*char *dst, const char *src*/);
Xchar *strncpy(/*char *dst, const char *src, SIZET size*/);
Xchar *strcat(/*char *dst, const char *src*/);
Xchar *strncat(/*char *dst, const char *src, SIZET size*/);
Xint memcmp(/*const VOIDSTAR s1, const VOIDSTAR s2, SIZET size*/);
Xint strcmp(/*const char *s1, const char *s2*/);
Xint strncmp(/*const char *s1, const char *s2, SIZET size*/);
XVOIDSTAR memchr(/*const VOIDSTAR s, int ucharwanted, SIZET size*/);
Xchar *strchr(/*const char *s, int charwanted*/);
XSIZET strcspn(/*const char *s, const char *reject*/);
Xchar *strpbrk(/*const char *s, const char *breakat*/);
Xchar *strrchr(/*const char *s, int charwanted*/);
XSIZET strspn(/*const char *s, const char *accept*/);
Xchar *strstr(/*const char *s, const char *wanted*/);
Xchar *strtok(/*char *s, const char *delim*/);
XVOIDSTAR memset(/*VOIDSTAR s, int ucharfill, SIZET size*/);
XSIZET strlen(/*const char *s*/);
X
X/*
X * V7 and Berklix compatibility.
X */
Xchar *index(/*const char *s, int charwanted*/);
Xchar *rindex(/*const char *s, int charwanted*/);
Xint bcopy(/*const char *src, char *dst, int length*/);
Xint bcmp(/*const char *s1, const char *s2, int length*/);
Xint bzero(/*char *dst, int length*/);
X
X/*
X * Putting this in here is really silly, but who am I to argue with X3J11?
X */
Xchar *strerror(/*int errnum*/);
!
echo done
------------------

			        About USENET

USENET (Users’ Network) was a bulletin board shared among many computer
systems around the world. USENET was a logical network, sitting on top
of several physical networks, among them UUCP, BLICN, BERKNET, X.25, and
the ARPANET. Sites on USENET included many universities, private companies
and research organizations. See USENET Archives.

		       SCO Files Lawsuit Against IBM

March 7, 2003 - The SCO Group filed legal action against IBM in the State 
Court of Utah for trade secrets misappropriation, tortious interference, 
unfair competition and breach of contract. The complaint alleges that IBM 
made concentrated efforts to improperly destroy the economic value of 
UNIX, particularly UNIX on Intel, to benefit IBM's Linux services 
business. See SCO vs IBM.

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