Tech Insider					     Technology and Trends

			      USENET Archives

From: (Jim Gettys)
Newsgroups: comp.newprod
Subject: X WINDOW SYSTEM, C Library and Protocol Reference book
Keywords: X Window book Xlib Protocol
Message-ID: <>
Date: 9 Nov 88 23:22:23 GMT
Followup-To: poster
Organization: DEC Systems Research Center, Palo Alto
Lines: 181
Approved: usenet@mcdchg.UUCP

                             X WINDOW SYSTEM
                     C Library and Protocol Reference
                Robert Scheifler/James Gettys/Ron Newman

Written by the people who designed and created the system, this 
text is the essential reference tool for X and C programmers and 
experienced computer users interested in expanding their use of 
graphics and multiple window systems.


The X Window System, or "X" for short, is a network transparent window
system.  X allows you to run multiple applications simultaneously in
windows, generating text and graphics in monochrome or color on a bitmap
display.  X is designed to permit applications to be device independent;
that is, applications need not be rewritten, recompiled, or relinked
to work with new display hardware.

X provides facilities for generating multi-font text and two dimensional
graphics (such as points, lines, arcs, and polygons) in a hierarchy of
rectangular windows.  Every window can be thought of as a "virtual
screen", and can in turn contain windows within it to arbitrary depth.
Windows can overlap each other, like stacks of papers on a desk, and can
be moved, resized, and restacked dynamically.  Windows are designed to be
inexpensive resources; applications using several hundred subwindows are
common.  For example, windows are often used to implement individual user
interface components such as scroll bars, menus, buttons, and so forth.


This book contains the complete C Library and Protocol reference material,
together with an informative introduction, analytical diagrams, and a
very comprehensive technical index covering both parts of the book...
the essential reference manual for those programming with X and C.

The book consists of two parts:

PART I is the reference manual for the C Language X Interface Library,
also known as Xlib.  It presents an overview of the system, explains how
to create and manipulate windows, and gives an in-depth look at the
graphics capabilities. The text also explains events, event-handling
functions, and a variety of utility functions.

PART II is a precise specifications of the X protocol semantics, with an
appendix defining the precise encoding.  It is independent from any one
programming language and can be used as a starting point for creating
interface libraries for other programming languages.

Both the protocol and Xlib are considered standards by the MIT X 
Consortium and are fast being adopted by leaders in the industry.

PART I, the Xlib manual, consists of ten chapters. Chapter 1 provides a
basic overview and establishes conventions used throughout the manual.
Chapter 2 deals with opening and closing connections, and obtaining basic
information about the connected display. Chapters 3 and 4 explain how to
create and manipulate windows. Graphic capabilities are presented in
Chapters 5 and 6.  Window manager functions and data are described in
Chapters 7 and 9.  Events and event-handling functions are explained in
Chapter 8. A variety of utility functions for keyboard input, command line
parsing, region arithmetic, and resource management are presented in
Chapter 10. An appendix describes Version 10 compatibility functions.

PART II, the  protocol specification, not only serves as a starting point
for creating interface libraries, but also provides clarification on
points that may prove confusing in the the Xlib manual.  Xlib does not
always provide a one-to-one mapping of procedures to protocol requests; an
appendix summaries the correspondence.   


  Part I: Xlib - C Language X Interface

        Chapter 1: Introduction to Xlib
  	Chapter 2: Display Functions
	Chapter 3: Window Functions
	Chapter 4: Window Information Functions
        Chapter 5: Graphics Resource Functions
	Chapter 6: Graphics Functions
	Chapter 7: Window Manager Functions
	Chapter 8: Events and Event-Handling Functions
        Chapter 9: Predefined Property Functions
	Chapter 10: Application Utility Functions
  Part II: X Window System Protocol
	Section 1: Protocol Formats
	Section 2: Syntatic Conventions
	Section 3: Common Types
	Section 4: Errors
	Section 5: Keyboards
	Section 6: Pointers
	Section 7: Predefined Atoms
	Section 8: Connection Setup
	Section 9: Requests
	Section 10: Connection Close
	Section 11: Events
	Section 12: Flow Control and Concurrency
	Appendix A: Xlib Functions and Protocol Requests
        Appendix B: X Font Cursors
        Appendix C: Extensions
        Appendix D: Version 10 Compatibility Functions
        Appendix E: KEYSYM Encoding
	Appendix F: Protocol Encoding


The book is intended for C programmers using X, for students looking for
graphics, windowing systems and user interface information, and those PC
users who want to learn about X programming.


ROBERT W, SCHEIFLER is the Director of the MIT X Consortium.  He was the
chief architect of the X Window System protocol and participated in the
design and implementation of the CLU and Argus programming languages and
systems.  He has a BS in Mathematics and an MS in Computer Science from

JAMES GETTYS is a consultant engineer for Digital Equipment Corporation
and was previously stationed at MIT with Project Athena, as one of the
Digital engineers on site.  He was the chief architect of the X library,
and participated in the X Window System protocol design. He has a BS in
Earth and Planetary Science from MIT.

RON NEWMAN is a software engineer at Lotus Development Corporation.  He 
graduated from MIT and worked at Project Athena for three years, and
participated in X Window system design.


Publication date: November 21, 1988, with a 1989 copyright

Pages: 732

Price: $55.00

ISBN: 1-55558-012-2

Digital Order Number: EY-6737E-DP


Mail a check or Money Order, made out to Digital Equipment Corporation, for 

If you pay by VISA or MasterCard, include your card number and expiration

For VISA and MC orders, you may call:  1-800-343-8321

Mail to:

Sales Manager,
Digital Press 
12 Crosby Drive BUO/E94
Bedford, MA 01730

Be sure to include your state sales tax.

Postage is paid.

  X Window System is a trademark of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

			        About USENET

USENET (Users’ Network) was a bulletin board shared among many computer
systems around the world. USENET was a logical network, sitting on top
of several physical networks, among them UUCP, BLICN, BERKNET, X.25, and
the ARPANET. Sites on USENET included many universities, private companies
and research organizations. See USENET Archives.

		       SCO Files Lawsuit Against IBM

March 7, 2003 - The SCO Group filed legal action against IBM in the State 
Court of Utah for trade secrets misappropriation, tortious interference, 
unfair competition and breach of contract. The complaint alleges that IBM 
made concentrated efforts to improperly destroy the economic value of 
UNIX, particularly UNIX on Intel, to benefit IBM's Linux services 
business. See SCO v IBM.

The materials and information included in this website may only be used
for purposes such as criticism, review, private study, scholarship, or

Electronic mail:			       WorldWideWeb: